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Crowd simulation has been an important research field due to its diverse range of applications that include film production, military simulation, and urban planning. A challenging problem is to provide simple yet effective control over captured and simulated crowds to synthesize intended group motions. We present a new method that blends existing crowd data(More)
Human facial gestures often exhibit such natural stochastic variations as how often the eyes blink, how often the eyebrows and the nose twitch, and how the head moves while speaking. The stochastic movements of facial features are key ingredients for generating convincing facial expressions. Although such small variations have been simulated using noise(More)
We present a physically based controller that simulates the flapping behavior of a bird in flight. We recorded the motion of a dove using marker-based optical motion capture and high-speed video cameras. The bird flight data thus acquired allow us to parameterize natural wingbeat cycles and provide the simulated bird with reference trajectories to track in(More)
The standard C/C++ implementation of a spatial partitioning data structure, such as octree and quadtree, is often inefficient in terms of storage requirements particularly when the memory overhead for maintaining parentto-child pointers is significant with respect to the amount of actual data in each tree node. In this work, we present a novel data(More)
Natural motion of living creatures such as human and animals has generated widespread interest in computer animation field. Many film and game industries want to present these virtual creatures on their products and exhibit natural and realistic motions as much as possible. Among them, flying animals such as birds have been particularly focused on because(More)
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