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Parkin, an E3 ubiquitin ligase, has been found to be responsible for autosomal recessive juvenile parkinsonism characterized primarily by selective loss of dopaminergic neurons with subsequent defects in movements. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying this neuron loss remain elusive. Here, we characterized Drosophila parkin loss-of-function mutants,… (More)
p53 is a representative tumor suppressor whose dysfunction is a major cause of human cancer syndrome. Here we isolated flies lacking Dmp53, which encodes the single Drosophila orthologue of mammalian p53 family. Dmp53 null mutants well developed into adults, only displaying mild defects in longevity and fertility. However, genomic stability and viability of… (More)
With the world's focus on reducing our dependency on fossil-fuel energy, the scientific community can investigate new plastic materials that are much less dependent on petroleum than are conventional plastics. Given increasing environmental issues, the idea of replacing plastics with water-based gels, so-called hydrogels, seems reasonable. Here we report… (More)
Aqueous nanofibres constructed by the self-assembly of small amphiphilic molecules can become entangled to form hydrogels that have a variety of applications including tissue engineering, and controlled drug delivery. The hydrogels are formed through the random physical cross-linkings of flexible nanofibres. Here we report that self-assembled nanofibres… (More)
Triblock rigid-flexible dendritic block molecules consisting of a rigid aromatic segment as a stem segment, carbohydrate-branched dendrons as a flexible head, and a hydrophobic alkyl chain were synthesized and characterized. The carbohydrate conjugate molecule based on a methyl group as a hydrophobic tail, in the solid state, self-assembles into a 1D… (More)
A simple peptide based prodrug of camptothecin (CPT) has been synthesised in which the CPT is conjugated to a tripeptide (KCK) via a disulfide linkage (KCK-CPT) and self-assembled into well-defined nanostructures in water depending on the concentration. The hyaluronic acid (HA) complex of KCK-CPT exhibited target specific toxicity with excellent antitumour… (More)
Regulation of gene expression by transcription factors (TFs) is highly dependent on genetic background and interactions with cofactors. Identifying specific context factors is a major challenge that requires new approaches. Here we show that exploiting natural variation is a potent strategy for probing functional interactions within gene regulatory… (More)
Deep-water scrolls: It is demonstrated that amphiphilic rods containing lateral flexible chains self-assemble into two-dimensional sheets in aqueous solution (see picture). Remarkably, the sheets roll up reversibly into tubular scrolls upon heating, as confirmed by cryo-transmission electron microscopy and fluorescence microscopy.
On a roll: Attachment of flexible coils to the middle of a rigid rod generates T-shaped rod-coil molecules that self-assemble into layers that roll up to form filled cylindrical and hollow tubular scrolls, depending on the coil length, in the solid state (see picture); the rods are arranged parallel to the layer plane.