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OBJECTIVE The authors sought to assess the longitudinal course of youths with bipolar spectrum disorders over a 4-year period. METHOD At total of 413 youths (ages 7-17 years) with bipolar I disorder (N=244), bipolar II disorder (N=28), and bipolar disorder not otherwise specified (N=141) were enrolled in the study. Symptoms were ascertained(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the rate of diagnostic conversion from an operationalized diagnosis of bipolar disorder not otherwise specified (BP-NOS) to bipolar I disorder (BP-I) or bipolar II disorder (BP-II) in youth over prospective follow-up and to identify factors associated with conversion. METHOD Subjects were 140 children and adolescents recruited from(More)
The differences between GM policies in the US and Europe have several causes. GM technology holds a home court advantage in the US and European chemical companies did not support its introduction. The technology did not seem to provide benefits to consumers, and the crops it applied to were not so significant in Europe. The technology was introduced during(More)
The photoswitching behavior of green fluorescent proteins (GFPs) or GFP-like proteins is increasingly recognized as a new technique for optical marking. Recently, Ando and his colleagues developed a new green fluorescent protein Dronpa, which possesses the unique photochromic property of being photoswitchable in a non-destructive manner. To better(More)
Growing resistance of prevalent antitubercular (antiTB) agents in clinical isolates of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) provoked an urgent need to discover novel antiTB agents. Enoyl acyl carrier protein (ACP) reductase (InhA) from Mtb is a well known and thoroughly studied as antitubucular therapy target. Here we have reported the discovery of potent(More)
Acetohydroxyacid synthase (AHAS; EC 2.2.1.6) is a thiamin diphosphate- (ThDP)- and FAD-dependent enzyme that catalyzes the first common step in the biosynthetic pathway of the branched-amino acids (BCAAs) leucine, isoleucine, and valine. The gene from Haemophilus influenzae that encodes the AHAS catalytic subunit was cloned, overexpressed in Escherichia(More)
Potential therapies are currently under development for two congenital muscular dystrophy (CMD) subtypes: collagen VI-related muscular dystrophy (COL6-RD) and laminin alpha 2-related dystrophy (LAMA2-RD). However, appropriate clinical outcome measures to be used in clinical trials have not been validated in CMDs. We conducted a two-year pilot study to(More)
We expressed the Hepatitis B virus polymerase (HBV P protein) using a recently introduced yeast system, Pichia methanolica. HBV (1-680 amino acids) and Duck Hepatitis B virus (DHBV, 1-780 amino acids) polymerase were expressed and showed DNA dependent DNA polymerase (DDDP). The DHBV polymerase had RNA dependent DNA polymerase (RDDP) and RNase H activities.(More)