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Regulation of BubR1 is central to the control of APC/C activity. We have found that BubR1 forms a complex with PCAF and is acetylated at lysine 250. Using mass spectrometry and acetylated BubR1-specific antibodies, we have confirmed that BubR1 acetylation occurs at prometaphase. Importantly, BubR1 acetylation was required for checkpoint function, through(More)
Polo-like kinase 1 (Plk1) is central to cell division. Here, we report that Plk1 is critical for mitosis in the embryonic development of zebrafish. Using a combination of several cell biology tools, including single-cell live imaging applied to whole embryos, we show that Plk1 is essential for progression into mitosis during embryonic development. Plk1(More)
PURPOSE To compare the local-regional staging accuracy of the conventional two-dimensional (2D) T2-weighted imaging protocol and of the three-dimensional (3D) T2-weighted imaging protocol for preoperative magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in rectal cancer patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS This retrospective study was approved by the institutional review(More)
Both C kappa regions in MPC 11 cells are rearranged into active transcripion units, one producing a normal kappa chain and the other an internally deleted kappa fragment lacking a V region. The gene coding for the kappa fragment mRNA is aberrantly rearranged and lacks a site for V leads to C kappa splicing. An alternative splicing event which deletes the V(More)
The effect of double-strand DNA breaks (DSBs) on the spindle assembly checkpoint (SAC) has important implications with respect to the relationship between SAC function and chromosome instability of cancer cells. Here, we demonstrate that induction of DSBs in mitosis results in prolonged hyper-phosphorylation of the SAC protein BubR1 and association of BubR1(More)
BRCA2 is involved in double-stranded DNA break repair by binding and regulating Rad51-mediated homologous recombination. Insights as to how BRCA2 regulates Rad51-mediated DNA repair arose from in vitro biochemical studies on fragments of BRCA2. However, the large 400-kDa BRCA2 protein has hampered our ability to understand the entire process by which(More)
Germline mutations that inactivate BRCA2 promote early-onset cancer with chromosome instability. Here, we report that BRCA2 regulates the spindle assembly checkpoint (SAC). Previously, we reported that BubR1 acetylation is essential for SAC activity. In this study we show that BRCA2 recruits the PCAF acetyltransferase and aids in BubR1 acetylation during(More)
Condyloma acuminatum arising on oral mucous membranes exhibits distinct histopathological features that allow for differentiation from the more common squamous papilloma. These lesions are parakeratinized with cryptic invagination of cornified cells extending into an acanthotic spinous cell layer. Superficial spinous layer koilocytosis is a prominent(More)
Although it has been reported that mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) suppress tumor growth in vitro and in vivo, little is known about the underlying molecular mechanisms. We found that type I interferon is expressed in adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ASCs) cultured at high density, and ASCs and their conditioned medium (ASC-CM) suppress the growth of MCF-7(More)
BubR1 acetylation is essential in mitosis. Mice heterozygous for the acetylation-deficient BubR1 allele (K243R/+) spontaneously developed tumors with massive chromosome missegregations. K243R/+ mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) exhibited a weakened spindle assembly checkpoint (SAC) with shortened mitotic timing. The generation of the SAC signal was intact,(More)