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Polo-like kinase 1 (Plk1) is central to cell division. Here, we report that Plk1 is critical for mitosis in the embryonic development of zebrafish. Using a combination of several cell biology tools, including single-cell live imaging applied to whole embryos, we show that Plk1 is essential for progression into mitosis during embryonic development. Plk1(More)
Regulation of BubR1 is central to the control of APC/C activity. We have found that BubR1 forms a complex with PCAF and is acetylated at lysine 250. Using mass spectrometry and acetylated BubR1-specific antibodies, we have confirmed that BubR1 acetylation occurs at prometaphase. Importantly, BubR1 acetylation was required for checkpoint function, through(More)
The effect of double-strand DNA breaks (DSBs) on the spindle assembly checkpoint (SAC) has important implications with respect to the relationship between SAC function and chromosome instability of cancer cells. Here, we demonstrate that induction of DSBs in mitosis results in prolonged hyper-phosphorylation of the SAC protein BubR1 and association of BubR1(More)
Although it has been reported that mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) suppress tumor growth in vitro and in vivo, little is known about the underlying molecular mechanisms. We found that type I interferon is expressed in adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ASCs) cultured at high density, and ASCs and their conditioned medium (ASC-CM) suppress the growth of MCF-7(More)
Germline mutations that inactivate BRCA2 promote early-onset cancer with chromosome instability. Here, we report that BRCA2 regulates the spindle assembly checkpoint (SAC). Previously, we reported that BubR1 acetylation is essential for SAC activity. In this study we show that BRCA2 recruits the PCAF acetyltransferase and aids in BubR1 acetylation during(More)
Gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP-NETs) are potentially malignant with variable biologic behavior that originates from neuroendocrine cells of digestive tract. Recently, the existence of cancer stem cells (CSC) was demonstrated in tumors of gastrointestinal tract. CD133 is a transmembrane glycoprotein that serves as a CSC marker in various(More)
BACKGROUND Although non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is the hepatic manifestation of metabolic syndrome, its influence on hypertension development is poorly understood. We investigated whether fatty liver disease, as assessed by the fatty liver index, could predict the development of hypertension independently of systemic insulin resistance, inflammatory(More)
PURPOSE To compare the local-regional staging accuracy of the conventional two-dimensional (2D) T2-weighted imaging protocol and of the three-dimensional (3D) T2-weighted imaging protocol for preoperative magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in rectal cancer patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS This retrospective study was approved by the institutional review(More)
Condyloma acuminatum arising on oral mucous membranes exhibits distinct histopathological features that allow for differentiation from the more common squamous papilloma. These lesions are parakeratinized with cryptic invagination of cornified cells extending into an acanthotic spinous cell layer. Superficial spinous layer koilocytosis is a prominent(More)
PURPOSE This study investigated whether hormones and pain perception are associated with exam anxiety, and also whether exam anxiety is affected by seasonal differences in testosterone and cortisol levels. MATERIALS AND METHODS Forty-six healthy males were recruited from a medical college. Anxiety was induced by having participants perform the Objective(More)