Eung-Kwon Pae

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Obstructive sleep apnea patients show cerebellar cortex and deep nuclei gray matter loss, a possible consequence of intermittent hypoxia (IH) accompanying the syndrome. We exposed Sprague-Dawley rats (n=24) to room air only or 10.3% O2, balance N2, alternating every 480 s (240 s duty cycle) with room air for 5, 10, 15, 20 or 30 h (7.5 h per day) during(More)
To assess the role of lateral cephalometric films in the evaluation of orthodontic patients, 16 certified orthodontists examined 80 sets of dental casts and lateral cephalograms. The patients included 5 subgroups: Class I with mild crowding, Class II Division 2, Class III, open bites, and bimaxillary protrusion. A 5-point Visual Analogue Scale was used to(More)
Without zinc, pancreatic beta cells cannot either assemble insulin molecules or precipitate insulin crystals; thus, a lack of zinc concentration in the beta cells would result in a decreased insulin production. ZIP8 is one of the zinc uptake transporters involved in zinc influx into the cytosol of beta cells. Thus, if ZIP8 is down-regulated, a decreased(More)
Knowledge of how dental appliances alter upper airway muscle activity when they are used for the treatment of snoring and/or obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is very limited. The purpose of this study was to define the effect of a tongue retaining device (TRD) on awake genioglossus (GG) muscle activity in 10 adult subjects with OSA and in 6 age and body mass(More)
Anterior open bites may be localized dental manifestations, which are caused by habits or skeletal disharmony, with or without functional aberration. Previous studies suggest various associations between open bites and underlying etiologic factors. We hypothesize that respiratory efficiency may be associated with anterior open bites. Under the assumption(More)
Targeted disruption of murine Cdk2ap1, an inhibitor of CDK2 function and hence G1/S transition, results in the embryonic lethality with a high penetration rate. Detailed timed pregnancy analysis of embryos showed that the lethality occurred between embryonic day 3.5 pc and 5.5 pc, a period of implantation and early development of implanted embryos. Two(More)
Clinicians have long suspected that tongue shape differs between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients and normal subjects. The purpose of this study was to determine whether such differences exist. Because of the difficulty in specifying reproducible homologous landmarks for the tongue, a morphometric technique-the eigenshape analysis-was used. The(More)
Perinatal hypoxia commonly causes brain injury in infants, but the time course and mechanisms underlying the preferential male injury are unclear. Intermittent hypoxia disturbs cerebellar γ-aminobutyric (GABA)-A receptor profiles during the perinatal period, possibly responding to transient excitatory processes associated with GABA(A) receptors. We examined(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are multipotent cells, which can give rise to variety of cell types, including adipocytes and osteoblasts. Previously, we have shown that cysteine dioxygenase type 1 (Cdo1) promoted adipogenesis of primary mouse bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) and 3T3-L1 pre-adipocytes via interaction with Pparγ. However, the role of Cdo1 in(More)
A brief intermittent hypoxia (IH, ambient O2 levels alternating between room air and 12% O2) for 1 h immediately after birth resulted in pancreatic islet dysfunction associated with zinc deficiency as previously reported. We hypothesized that IH exposure modulates zinc homeostasis in bone as well, which leads to increased bone fragility. To test this(More)