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The first decision made by an angiosperm seed, whether to germinate or not, is based on integration of various environmental signals such as water and light. The phytochromes (Phys) act as red and far-red light (Pfr) photoreceptors to mediate light signaling through yet uncharacterized pathways. We report here that the PIF3-like 5 (PIL5) protein, a basic(More)
Phytochromes are red/far-red light receptors that regulate various light responses by initiating the transcriptional cascades responsible for changing the expression patterns of 10-30% of the entire plant transcriptome. Several transcription factors that are thought to participate in this process have been identified, but the functional relationships among(More)
Plant photoreceptors regulate various developmental processes. Among the photoreceptors, phytochromes, red and far-red light receptors, regulate light responses through many signaling components, including phytochrome-interacting proteins. The functional relationships among phytochromes and their interacting proteins, however, have not been clearly(More)
Phytochromes are red and far-red light receptors in plants that mediate critical responses to light throughout the lifecycle. They achieve this in part by targeting negatively acting bHLH transcription factors called phytochrome-interacting factors (PIFs) for degradation within the nucleus. However, it is not known whether protein degradation is the primary(More)
DELLA proteins, consisting of GA INSENSITIVE, REPRESSOR OF GA1-3, RGA-LIKE1 (RGL1), RGL2, and RGL3, are central repressors of gibberellin (GA) responses, but their molecular functions are not fully understood. We isolated four DELLA-interacting RING domain proteins, previously designated as BOTRYTIS SUSCEPTIBLE1 INTERACTOR (BOI), BOI-RELATED GENE1 (BRG1),(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies suggest that uric acid plays a causal role in the development of hypertension in relation to birth weight. The aim of the study was to elucidate the effect of prenatal and/or postnatal growth status on serum uric acid levels in children at 3 years of age. METHODS A total of 178 children from the birth cohort at Ewha Womans(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the association between maternal oxidative stress and adverse birth outcome, and serum vitamin levels and paraoxonase (PON) polymorphism during pregnancy. We investigated 276 pregnant women who visited a hospital for prenatal care during gestational weeks 24 and 28. We measured serum Vitamins C and E levels and urinary(More)
Seedling hypocotyls display negative gravitropism in the dark but agravitropism in the light. The Arabidopsis thaliana pif quadruple mutant (pifQ), which lacks four PHYTOCHROME-INTERACTING FACTORS (PIFs), is agravitropic in the dark. Endodermis-specific expression of PIF1 rescues gravitropism in pifQ mutant seedlings. Since phytochromes induce light(More)
BOTRYTIS SUSCEPTIBLE1 INTERACTOR (BOI) and its three homologs (BOIs) are RING domain-containing proteins that repress flowering. Here, we investigated how BOIs repress flowering. Genetic analysis of the boiQ quadruple mutant indicates that BOIs repress flowering mainly through FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT). BOIs repress the expression of FT by CONSTANS(More)
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