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UML is the de-facto industry standard to design object-oriented software. UML provides a set of diagrams to model every aspect of an object-oriented application design in sufficient detail, but lacks any mechanism to rigorously check consistency between the models. Today, most of the effort is applied on creating accurate and consistent UML models rather(More)
Structured analysis and design methodology has now been replaced by object oriented analysis and design software development techniques. A major design artifact in structured approach is the data flow diagram (DFD). DFD is very important for the modernization of old legacy systems. It is also very useful in requirement elicitation. However, DFD lacks(More)
In this paper we address one research challenges in vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs), Safety message dissemination as follows. We investigate the quality of service for beacon based safety applications in VANETs. We point out the fact that safety applications have some distinctiveness which is not addressed in the current literature. We therefore propose(More)
Secure broadcasting is an essential feature for critical operations in wireless sensor network (WSNs). However, due to the limited resources of sensor networks, verifying the authenticity for broadcasted messages is a very difficult issue. μTESLA is a broadcast authentication protocol, which uses network-wide loose time synchronization with one-way hashed(More)
A research on current condition and problems of critical infrastructures and critical information infrastructures is described in this paper. This article includes issues, the discussion of problems and comments about each of the common Critical Infrastructures from an international, national, local and individual perspective. There are many threats to(More)
Critical Infrastructures are so vital that a damage or breakage of it will greatly affect the society and economy. SCADA systems play a big role on Critical Infrastructure since most of these infrastructures are controlled systems. Presented in this paper are the vulnerabilities of a SCADA system, its effect to the society and the ways to prevent such(More)
Critical Infrastructure (CI) is used by governments as a term to describe infrastructures, systems and assets that are essential for the society and economy. Critical Infrastructures are so vital that an incapacity or destruction of such infrastructure, system or assets would have a debilitating impact on security, national economic security, national(More)
Threats to information security are spreading, from both outside and within an organization. Computer security has evolved so as the methods of identification, detection, and prevention of malware, only to be followed by a new set of threats that circumvent those safeguards. Internet and wide availability of toolsets and documentation exacerbates this(More)
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