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Glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) plays an important role in the regulation of apoptosis. However, the role of GSK-3 in the auditory system remains unknown. Here we examined whether the GSK-3-specific inhibitors, SB 216763 and LiCl, could protect against cisplatin-induced cytotoxicity of auditory cells. GSK-3 was activated by cisplatin treatment of HEI-OC1(More)
Guggulsterone has been used to treat hyperlipidemia, arthritis, and obesity. Although its anti-inflammatory and anti-hyperlipidemic effects have been well documented, the effect of guggulsterone on pancreatic beta cells is unknown. Therefore, in this study, the effect of guggulsterone on IL-1beta- and IFN-gamma-induced beta-cell damage was investigated.(More)
Fusarium graminearum is an important plant pathogen that causes head blight of major cereal crops. The fungus produces mycotoxins that are harmful to animal and human. In this study, a systematic analysis of 17 phenotypes of the mutants in 657 Fusarium graminearum genes encoding putative transcription factors (TFs) resulted in a database of over 11,000(More)
OBJECTIVE SIRT1, a class III histone/protein deacetylase, is known to interfere with the nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) signaling pathway and thereby has an anti-inflammatory function. Because of the central role of NF-kappaB in cytokine-mediated pancreatic beta-cell damage, we postulated that SIRT1 might work in pancreatic beta-cell damage models. (More)
Scopoletin (6-methoxy-7-hydroxycoumarin) is a phenolic coumarin and a member of the phytoalexins. In this study we investigated whether scopoletin caused apoptosis in HL-60 promyelocytic cells and, if so, by what mechanisms. We found that scopoletin induced apoptosis as confirmed by a characteristic ladder pattern of discontinuous DNA fragments in a(More)
Adipocyte differentiation is regulated by the sequential activation of transcription factors such as the CAAT/enhancer binding protein and peroxisome proliferator- activated receptor-gamma (PPAR-gamma). Several recent studies have shown that regulators of chromatin structure are also involved in adipocyte differentiation. Here we investigated the effects of(More)
RATIONALE In cigarette smoking-induced chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, structural and functional derangements are characterized by parenchymal destruction and pulmonary hypertension. Statins are 3-hydroxy-3-methyl-glutaryl-coenzyme-A reductase inhibitors that have been used as lipid-lowering agents. These drugs also have additional pharmacologic(More)
1 OBJECTIVE—SIRT1, a class III histone/protein deacetylase, is known to interfere with the nuclear factor-␬B (NF-␬B) signaling pathway and thereby has an anti-inflammatory function. Because of the central role of NF-␬B in cytokine-mediated pancreatic ␤-cell damage, we postulated that SIRT1 might work in pancre-atic ␤-cell damage models. RESEARCH DESIGN AND(More)
OBJECTIVES In the past few decades, the use of natural compounds, such as flavonoids, as anti-inflammatory agents has gained much attention. Our current study focuses on the preventive effects of quercetin, apigenin, and luteolin on cytokine-induced beta-cell damage. METHODS Pancreatic beta-cells or islets were treated with cytokine mixtures in the(More)
In the past few decades, the use of genistein as an anti-inflammatory agent has gained much attention. Our current study focuses on the preventive effects of genistein on cytokine-induced pancreatic beta-cell damage. Treatment of RINm5F (RIN) rat insulinoma cells with interleukin (IL)-1beta and interferon (IFN)-gamma induced cell damage, which was(More)