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Pungency in Capsicum fruits is due to the accumulation of the alkaloid capsaicin and its analogs. The biosynthesis of capsaicin is restricted to the genus Capsicum and results from the acylation of an aromatic moiety, vanillylamine, by a branched-chain fatty acid. Many of the enzymes involved in capsaicin biosynthesis are not well characterized and the(More)
OBJECTIVE We wanted to evaluate the short-term effects of balloon-occluded retrograde transvenous obliteration (BRTO) for treating gastric variceal bleeding, in terms of the portal hypertensive changes, by comparing CT scans. MATERIALS AND METHODS We enrolled 27 patients who underwent BRTO for gastric variceal bleeding and they had CT scans performed just(More)
Pungency owing to the presence of capsaicinoids is a unique character of pepper (Capsicum spp.). Capsaicinoids are produced in the placenta and it has long been known that a single dominant gene, C, is required for pungent genotypes to produce capsaicinoids. We mapped C to pepper chromosome 2 in a cross between a pungent Capsicum frutescens wild accession(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Recent liver multi-detector row computed tomography (MDCT) always covers the distal esophagus with an excellent image quality. The aim of this study was to compare the performance of faculty abdominal radiologists with those of radiology residents and endoscopists for the detection of esophageal varices and high-risk esophageal varices on(More)
BACKGROUND Frailty is considered to be a clinical syndrome characterized by decreased physiological reserves associated with a greater risk of health-related problems, hospitalization, and death. The current study examined hospitalization, falls, cognitive decline and disability between robust, prefrail and frail elderly in one year. METHODS 110(More)
Using proteomic analysis including 2-DE, image analysis, and protein identification with LC-MS/MS, an investigation aimed at a better understanding of the differentially expressed proteins and/or gene products was carried out with total cell extracts from placental tissues in nonpungent (Capsicum annuum cv. Saeng-Ryeog #213) and pungent peppers (C. annuum(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic contribution of BRAF(V600E) mutation analysis from the fine-needle aspiration (FNA) specimens of calcified thyroid nodules. SUBJECTS AND METHODS From January 2008 to December 2008, 139 patients with 139 calcified thyroid nodules prospectively underwent BRAF(V600E) mutation analysis and(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to correlate findings on the first follow-up CT after treatment with imatinib in patients with residual or recurrent gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) with the different types of KIT mutation present at initial resection. CONCLUSION Residual and recurrent GISTs with KIT mutation of exon 11 deletion more(More)