Eun Young Kim

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The posttranslational modification of clock proteins is critical for the function of circadian oscillators. By genetic analysis of a Drosophila melanogaster circadian clock mutant known as Andante, which has abnormally long circadian periods, we show that casein kinase 2 (CK2) has a role in determining period length. Andante is a mutation of the gene(More)
The first circadian-relevant kinase to be identified was DOUBLE-TIME (DBT) in Drosophila, a homolog of vertebrate CKIepsilon, which regulates the progressive phosphorylation and stability of PERIOD (PER) proteins in animals. A negative feedback loop wherein PER directly inhibits the transcriptional activity of the CLOCK-CYCLE (CLK-CYC) heterodimer is(More)
In the Drosophila circadian clock, daily cycles in the RNA levels of dclock (dClk) are antiphase to those of period (per). We altered the timing/levels of dClk expression by generating transgenic flies whereby per circadian regulatory sequences were used to drive rhythmic transcription of dClk. The results indicate that posttranscriptional mechanisms make(More)
The daily timing of when PERIOD (PER) proteins translocate from the cytoplasm to the nucleus is a critical step in clock mechanisms underpinning circadian rhythms in animals. Numerous lines of evidence indicate that phosphorylation plays a prominent role in regulating various aspects of PER function and metabolism, including changes in its daily stability(More)
To assess the safety and therapeutic efficacy of autologous human bone marrow cell (BMC) transplantation and the administration of granulocyte macrophage-colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF), a phase I/II open-label and nonrandomized study was conducted on 35 complete spinal cord injury patients. The BMCs were transplanted by injection into the surrounding(More)
As indicators of the systemic inflammatory response, the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) have been proposed to predict the clinical outcome in some cancers. The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of NLR and PLR on the prognosis of gastric cancer. From 2000 to 2009, 1986 consecutive patients who(More)
The aim of this study was to produce dopaminergic neurons in vitro from human embryonic stem (hES) cells following treatment of various neurotrophic factors. MB03 hES cells were induced by retinoic acid (RA) or basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), which were further treated with brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) or transforming growth factor(More)
Intubation in patients with respiratory failure can be avoided by high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) use. However, it is unclear whether waiting until HFNC fails, which would delay intubation, has adverse effects. The present retrospective observational study assessed overall ICU mortality and other hospital outcomes of patients who received HFNC therapy that(More)
Glycine is the major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the spinal cord and brain stem. Gephyrin is required to achieve a high concentration of glycine receptors (GlyRs) in the postsynaptic membrane, which is crucial for efficient glycinergic signal transduction. The interaction between gephyrin and the GlyR involves the E-domain of gephyrin and a cytoplasmic(More)
We have examined expression of the genes on Salmonella pathogenicity island 1 (SPI1) during growth under the physiologically well defined standard growth condition of Luria-Bertani medium with aeration. We found that the central regulator hilA and the genes under its control are expressed at the onset of stationary phase. Interestingly, the two-component(More)