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A moderately halophilic actinomycete, designated HA-9T, was isolated from a saltern in Kunsan, Republic of Korea, and was the subject of polyphasic identification. Analysis of 16S rDNA indicated that the isolate belonged to the genus Nocardiopsis, but differed genetically from other Nocardiopsis species. Strain HA-9T contained meso-diaminopimelic acid, no(More)
A bacterial strain, designated 96CJ10356T, which produced abundant extracellular polysaccharides and red pigment was isolated from marine sediment collected from Marado, Cheju Island, Republic of Korea. The organism is Gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped and motile. Growth was not observed in the absence of NaCl, and was optimal at an NaCl concentration of(More)
Autophagy is a catabolic cellular process involving the degradation of the cell's own components. Although the role of autophagy of diverse tissues in body metabolism has been investigated, the importance of autophagy in hypothalamic proopiomelanocortin (POMC) neurons, key regulators of energy balance, has not been addressed. The role of autophagy in leptin(More)
Type 4 cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) phosphodiesterase (PDE4) inhibitors and other agents that raise intracellular cAMP levels induce apoptosis in B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) but not in T-CLL or peripheral blood T cells. Two principal effector proteins for cAMP are protein kinase A (PKA) and EPAC (exchange protein directly activated(More)
Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are one of the most commonly used nanomaterials due to their antibacterial properties. In this study, we examined the effects of polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP)-coated AgNPs (average size 2.3nm) on angiogenesis in both an in vivo model and an in vitro endothelial cell line, SVEC4-10. Increased angiogenesis was detected around the(More)
Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory disease and the expression of adhesion molecules on vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) contributes to the progress of the disease. Diosgenin, a precursor of steroid hormones, has been shown to have a variety of biological activities including anti-inflammatory activity; however, its molecular mechanisms are poorly(More)
Sulfate conjugation catalyzed by sulfotransferase (SULT) enzymes is an important pathway in the biotransformation of many drugs, other xenobiotics, neurotransmitters, and hormones. We previously described a human cDNA, SULT1C1, that encoded a protein similar in sequence to that of rat ST1C1. Subsequently, a related human cDNA, SULT1C2, was reported. In the(More)
Atherosclerosis is a long-term inflammatory disease of the arterial wall. Increased expression of the cell adhesion molecules such as intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) is associated with increased proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs), leading to increased neointima or atherosclerotic(More)
AIMS Escherichia coli and Bacillus subtilis spores were treated with an atmospheric plasma mixture created by the ionization of helium and oxygen to investigate the inactivation efficiency of a low-temperature plasma below 70 degrees C. METHODS AND RESULTS An electrical discharge plasma was produced at a radio frequency (RF) of 13.56 MHz, connected to a(More)
We have constructed a complete coverage BAC contig map that spans a 12-Mb genomic segment in the human chromosome 16p13.1-p11.2 region. The map consists of 68 previously mapped STSs and 289 BAC clones, 51 of which-corresponding to a total of 7.721 Mb of genomic DNA-have been sequenced, and provides a high resolution physical map of the region. Contigs were(More)