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PURPOSE This study was performed to evaluate the long-term effects and safety of intratracheal (IT) transplantation of human umbilical cord blood-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hUCB-MSCs) in neonatal hyperoxic lung injury at postnatal day (P)70 in a rat model. MATERIALS AND METHODS Newborn Sprague Dawley rat pups were subjected to 14 days of hyperoxia(More)
AIM To investigate whether suspected blood indicator (SBI) in capsule endoscopy (CE) is affected by background color and capsule passage velocity. METHODS Experimental models of the small intestine constructed from paper in a variety of colors were used to simulate the background colors observed in CE images. The background colors studied included very(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS It remains unclear whether the currently-used normal range for serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels really reflects a healthy liver. The present study was conducted to evaluate the healthy range of serum ALT in the Korean adult population and to determine the clinical significance of unhealthy levels. METHODS We reviewed the(More)
BACKGROUND Human umbilical cord blood (UCB)-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) attenuate hyperoxic neonatal lung injury primarily through anti-inflammatory effects. We hypothesized that intratracheal transplantation of human UCB-derived MSCs could attenuate Escherichia coli (E. coli)-induced acute lung injury (ALI) in mice by suppressing the inflammatory(More)
Nonketotic hyperglycinemia (NKH) is a rare inborn error of amino acid metabolism. A defect in the glycine cleavage enzyme system results in highly elevated concentrations of glycine in the plasma, urine, cerebrospinal fluid, and brain, resulting in glycine-induced encephalopathy and neuropathy. The prevalence of NKH in Korea is very low, and no reports of(More)
BACKGROUND Low-volume bowel preparations have been shown to provide an equivalent cleansing effect as that of a standard 4 L polyethylene glycol. However, studies comparing the efficacy of low-volume bowel preparations are few, and the results have been controversial. This study aimed to compare the bowel cleansing quality and tolerability between sodium(More)
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS Success rate of cecal intubation, endoscopist's difficulty, and procedure-related patient pain are still problems for beginners performing colonoscopy. New methods to aid colonoscopic insertion such as warm water instillation and oil lubrication have been proposed. The aim of this study is to evaluate the feasibility of using warm(More)
OBJECTIVES The superiority of conventional polyethylene glycol (PEG) solution over sodium picosulfate with magnesium citrate (SPMC) for bowel preparation remains controversial. Therefore, this study compared the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of different regimens of SPMC and PEG solution in Koreans, who consume a traditional high-fiber diet. (More)
Tectorigenin (Tg) and tectoridin (Td) are the major compounds isolated from the rhizomes of iridaceous plant Belamcanda chinensis which is well known as a chinese traditional medicine for the treatment of inflammatory diseases. In this study we investigated whether tectorigenin and tectoridin can be applied to the suppression of interferon-gamma and(More)
Advances in stent design have led to a substantial increase in the use of stents for a variety of malignant and benign strictures in the gastrointestinal tract and biliary system. Whereas early stents were mostly composed of plastic, the majority of contemporary stents are self-expanding metal stents that are composed of either nitinol or stainless steel.(More)