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BACKGROUND AND AIMS It remains unclear whether the currently-used normal range for serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels really reflects a healthy liver. The present study was conducted to evaluate the healthy range of serum ALT in the Korean adult population and to determine the clinical significance of unhealthy levels. METHODS We reviewed the(More)
BACKGROUND Human umbilical cord blood (UCB)-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) attenuate hyperoxic neonatal lung injury primarily through anti-inflammatory effects. We hypothesized that intratracheal transplantation of human UCB-derived MSCs could attenuate Escherichia coli (E. coli)-induced acute lung injury (ALI) in mice by suppressing the inflammatory(More)
Periventricular-intraventricular hemorrhage (PV-IVH) is a major cause of neurological disabilities in preterm newborns. This study aimed to determine the perinatal factors associated with PV-IVH. We conducted a retrospective case-control study from preterm infants born at < or =34 weeks of gestation and admitted to Neonatal Intensive Care Units of Seoul(More)
Advances in stent design have led to a substantial increase in the use of stents for a variety of malignant and benign strictures in the gastrointestinal tract and biliary system. Whereas early stents were mostly composed of plastic, the majority of contemporary stents are self-expanding metal stents that are composed of either nitinol or stainless steel.(More)
Success rate of cecal intubation, endoscopist’s difficulty, and procedure-related patient pain are still problems for beginners performing colonoscopy. New methods to aid colonoscopic insertion such as warm water instillation and oil lubrication have been proposed. The aim of this study is to evaluate the feasibility of using warm water or oil in(More)
OBJECTIVES The superiority of conventional polyethylene glycol (PEG) solution over sodium picosulfate with magnesium citrate (SPMC) for bowel preparation remains controversial. Therefore, this study compared the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of different regimens of SPMC and PEG solution in Koreans, who consume a traditional high-fiber diet. (More)
PURPOSE This study was performed to evaluate the long-term effects and safety of intratracheal (IT) transplantation of human umbilical cord blood-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hUCB-MSCs) in neonatal hyperoxic lung injury at postnatal day (P)70 in a rat model. MATERIALS AND METHODS Newborn Sprague Dawley rat pups were subjected to 14 days of hyperoxia(More)
BACKGROUND Low-volume bowel preparations have been shown to provide an equivalent cleansing effect as that of a standard 4 L polyethylene glycol. However, studies comparing the efficacy of low-volume bowel preparations are few, and the results have been controversial. This study aimed to compare the bowel cleansing quality and tolerability between sodium(More)
Intratracheal transplantation of human umbilical cord blood (UCB)-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) protects against neonatal hyperoxic lung injury by a paracrine rather than a regenerative mechanism. However, the role of paracrine factors produced by the MSCs, such as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), has not been delineated. This study(More)
Phosphorylation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) at Ser273 by cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (CDK5) in adipose tissue stimulates insulin resistance, but the underlying molecular mechanisms are unclear. We show here that Thrap3 (thyroid hormone receptor-associated protein 3) can directly interact with PPARγ when it is phosphorylated at(More)