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OBJECTIVE There is significant controversy about the risks related to attempted vaginal birth after cesarean and the implications for informed consent of the patient. Recent data suggest that women who deliver in hospitals with high attempted vaginal birth after cesarean rates are more likely to experience successful vaginal birth after cesarean, as well as(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Inflammatory bowel disease is a chronic and relapsing inflammatory disorder of the intestine and has a great effect on patients' health-related quality of life (HRQOL). Some patients in remission are known to show functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) and mood disorders (MDs), which may also negatively impact HRQOL. The aim of(More)
PURPOSE Peripheral neuropathy (PN) is known as a major contributor of the worsening of ischemic symptoms and the foot ulceration in patients with peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD). However, there are few studies reporting the prevalence and risk factors for PN in PAOD. This study aimed to evaluate these issues for PN and to establish the(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Inflammatory bowel disease is commonly accompanied by colonic dysmotility and causes changes in intestinal smooth muscle contractility. In this study, colonic smooth muscle contractility in a chronic inflammatory condition was investigated using smooth muscle tissues prepared from interleukin-10 knockout (IL-10(-/-)) mice. METHODS Prepared(More)
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