Eun Sook Chung

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Parkinson's disease (PD) is characterized by degeneration of nigrostriatal dopaminergic (DA) neurons. Mice treated with MPTP (1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine) exhibit microglial activation-induced oxidative stress and inflammation, and nigrostriatal DA neuronal damage, and thus serve as an experimental model of PD. Here, we report that(More)
Intranigral injection of the transient receptor potential vanilloid subtype 1 (TRPV1; also known as VR1) agonist capsaicin (CAP) into the rat brain, or treatment of rat mesencephalic cultures with CAP, resulted in cell death of dopaminergic (DA) neurons, as visualized by immunocytochemistry. This in vivo and in vitro effect was ameliorated by the TRPV1(More)
The present study shows that activation of microglial NADPH oxidase and production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) is associated with thrombin-induced degeneration of nigral dopaminergic neurons in vivo. Seven days after thrombin injection in the rat substantia nigra (SN), tyrosine hydroxylase immunocytochemistry showed a significant loss of nigral(More)
Transient receptor potential vanilloid subtype 1 (TRPV1), also known as vanilloid receptor 1 (VR1), is a nonselective cation channel that is activated by a variety of ligands, such as exogenous capsaicin (CAP) or endogenous anandamide (AEA), as well as products of lipoxygenases. Cannabinoid type 1 (CB1) receptor belongs to the G protein-coupled receptor(More)
In the present study, we sought to determine whether bee venom (BV) promotes the survival of dopaminergic (DA) neurons in the 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) mouse model of Parkinson's disease (PD). Treatment with BV prevented degeneration of DA neurons in the substantia nigra (SN). This neuro-protective effect of BV was associated with(More)
Epidemiological studies have reported that smoking is associated with a lower incidence of Parkinson's disease (PD), leading to theories that smoking in general and nicotine in particular might be neuroprotective. Recent studies suggested cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway-regulating microglial activation through alpha7 nicotinic receptors. In the(More)
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced microglial activation causes degeneration of nigral dopaminergic (DA) neurons. Here, we examined whether fluoxetine prevents LPS-induced degeneration of DA in the rat substantia nigra (SN) in vivo. Seven days after LPS injection into the SN, immunostaining for tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) revealed a significant loss of nigral(More)
R2R3 MYB transcription factors play regulatory roles in plant responses to various environmental stresses and nutrient deficiency. In this study, we isolated and designated OsMYB4P, an R2R3 MYB transcription factor, from rice (Oryza sativa L. 'Dongjin') under phosphate-deficient conditions. OsMYB4P was localized in the nucleus and acted as a transcriptional(More)
Foxp3-expressing CD4(+) regulatory T cells (Tregs) are vital for maintaining immune tolerance in animal models of various immune diseases. In the present study, we demonstrated that bee venom phospholipase A2 (bvPLA2) is the major BV compound capable of inducing Treg expansion and promotes the survival of dopaminergic neurons in the(More)
The present study evaluated the neurotoxicity of various gangliosides against dopaminergic neurons in mesencephalic cultures. Among them, GD1a and GD1b but not GD3 and GQ1b were found to be neurotoxic against dopaminergic neurons as determined by TH immunocytochemistry and [(3)H]DA uptake. When quantified and expressed as a percentage of control values,(More)