Eun Seok Gil

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The villi of the human and chick gut are formed in similar stepwise progressions, wherein the mesenchyme and attached epithelium first fold into longitudinal ridges, then a zigzag pattern, and lastly individual villi. We find that these steps of villification depend on the sequential differentiation of the distinct smooth muscle layers of the gut, which(More)
We describe a composite hydroxyapatite (HA)-silk fibroin scaffold designed to induce and support the formation of mineralized bone matrix by human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) in the absence of osteogenic growth factors. Porous three-dimensional silk scaffolds were extensively used in our previous work for bone tissue engineering and showed excellent(More)
Removal of injured/damaged meniscus, a vital fibrocartilaginous load-bearing tissue, impairs normal knee function and predisposes patients to osteoarthritis. Meniscus tissue engineering solution is one option to improve outcomes and relieve pain. In an attempt to fabricate knee meniscus grafts three layered wedge shaped silk meniscal scaffold system was(More)
Knee meniscus, a fibrocartilaginous tissue, is characterized by heterogeneity in extracellular matrix (ECM) and biomechanical properties, and critical for orthopedic stability, load transmission, shock absorption, and stress distribution within the knee joint. Most damage to the meniscus cannot be effectively healed by the body due to its partial avascular(More)
Biomaterials for bone tissue regeneration represent a major focus of orthopedic research. However, only a handful of polymeric biomaterials are utilized today because of their failure to address critical issues like compressive strength for load-bearing bone grafts. In this study development of a high compressive strength (~13 MPa hydrated state) polymeric(More)
WEI YUAN, GUANGLEI LI, EUN SEOK GIL, TAO LU LOWE, and BINGMEI M. FU Department of Biomedical Engineering, The City College of the City University of New York, 138th Street at Convent Avenue, New York, NY 10031, USA; Department of Surgery, Pennsylvania State University, Hershey, PA 17033, USA; and Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy,(More)
This study describes novel quaternary ammonium beta-cyclodextrin (QAbetaCD) nanoparticles as drug delivery carriers for doxorubicin (DOX), a hydrophobic anticancer drug, across the blood-brain barrier (BBB). QAbetaCD nanoparticles show 65-88 nm hydrodynamic radii with controllable cationic properties by adjusting the incorporated amount of quaternary(More)
Novel biodegradable polymeric nanoparticles composed of β-cyclodextrin and poly(β-amino ester) segments have been developed for sustained drug delivery across the blood-brain barrier (BBB). The nanoparticles have been synthesized by cross-linking β-cyclodextrin with poly(β-amino ester) via the Michael addition method. The chemical, physical, and degradation(More)
In the field of tissue engineering and regenerative medicine there is significant unmet need for critically-sized, fully degradable biomaterial scaffold systems with tunable properties for optimizing tissue formation in vitro and tissue regeneration in vivo. To address this need, we have developed a silk-based scaffold platform that has tunable material(More)
Scaffolds composed of synthetic, natural, and hybrid materials have been investigated as options to restore intervertebral disk (IVD) tissue function. These systems fall short of the lamellar features of the native annulus fibrosus (AF) tissue or focus only on the nucleus pulposus (NP) tissue. However, successful regeneration of the entire IVD requires a(More)