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OATP1B3 is a member of the OATP (organic anion transporting polypeptides) superfamily, responsible for mediating the transport of numerous endogenous and xenobiotic substances. Although initially reported to be exclusively expressed in the liver, several studies reported that OATP1B3 is frequently expressed in multiple types of cancers and may be associated(More)
Carfilzomib is a novel class of peptidyl epoxyketone proteasome inhibitor and has demonstrated promising activity in multiple clinical trials to treat patients with multiple myeloma and other types of cancers. Here, we investigated molecular mechanisms underlying acquired resistance to carfilzomib and a potential strategy to restore cellular sensitivity to(More)
Many cases of breast cancer show loss of estrogen receptor (ER) alpha expression, which leads to unresponsiveness to antihormonal treatment even though there is no loss of the structurally and biochemically similar ER beta. ER activity is positively and negatively regulated by transcriptional regulators such as histone deacetylase (HDAC), which is known to(More)
Carcinoid tumors are rare neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) that are increasing in incidence. Mutation and altered expression of Wnt/β-catenin signaling components have been described in many tumors but have not been well-studied in NETs. Here, we observed accumulation of β-catenin in the cytoplasm and/or nucleus in 25% of clinical NET tissues. By mutational(More)
Probing the unknown: The immunoproteasome, an alternative form of the constitutive proteasome, has been implicated in a number of pathological states such as cancer and autoimmune diseases. In an effort to understand the role of the immunoproteasome in cells, the first immunoproteasome-specific near-infrared fluorescent probe has been developed.
Chromatin structure has a crucial role in a diversity of physiological processes, including development, differentiation and stress responses, via regulation of transcription, DNA replication and DNA damage repair. Histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors regulate chromatin structure and activate the DNA damage checkpoint pathway involving(More)
The role of p300 in DNA damage response is unclear. To understand how ATM-dependent phosphorylation of p300 affects its function in response to DNA damage, we present evidence that S106 of p300, which is phosphorylated by ATM, regulates stability of NBS1 and recruitment into damaged DNA, possibly leading to regulation of DNA repair. Non-phosphorylatable(More)
PURPOSE Ataxia-telangiectasia (A-T) is a progressive, degenerative, complex autosomal recessive disease characterized by cerebellar degeneration, immunodeficiency, premature aging, radiosensitivity, and a predisposition to cancer. Mutations in the ataxia-telangiectasia mutated (atm) gene, which phosphorylates downstream effector proteins, are linked to A-T.(More)
Shoc2 is a positive regulator of signaling to extracellular signal-regulated protein kinases 1 and 2 (ERK1/2). Shoc2 is also proposed to interact with RAS and Raf-1 in order to accelerate ERK1/2 activity. To understand the mechanisms by which Shoc2 regulates ERK1/2 activation by the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), we dissected the role of Shoc2(More)
The discovery of NF-κB signaling pathways has greatly enhanced our understanding of inflammatory and immune responses. In the canonical NF-κB pathway, the proteasomal degradation of IκBα, an inhibitory protein of NF-κB, is widely accepted to be a key regulatory step. However, contradictory findings have been reported as to whether the immunoproteasome plays(More)