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BACKGROUND Alcohol craving, a key element in alcohol dependence, is recognized as being a kind of motivational or emotional state. It is meaningful in research and clinical practice involving alcohol dependence to explore ways of measuring alcohol craving. The aim of this study was to measure the P3 event-related potentials induced by alcohol-related(More)
Using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy and magnetic resonance imaging, we investigated concentrations of various brain metabolites, including glutamate, and measured brain volumes and neuropsychological performances in 13 recently abstinent young alcoholic men compared with 18 controls. No differences were found in volumetric variables between groups(More)
OBJECTIVE Decline in psychosocial functioning seems to be a core feature in schizophrenia across various phases of the disorder. Little is known about the relationship between psychosocial functioning and protective factors or psychopathologies in individuals in the prodrome phase of psychosis. We aimed to investigate whether psychosocial functioning is(More)
In the present study, Pseudocohnilembus persalinus was first reported as a species causing scuticociliatosis in olive flounder Paralichthys olivaceus. Based on the stained specimens, P. persalinus was clearly differentiated from Uronema marinum, which has been shown to be a cause of scuticociliatosis in farmed olive flounder in Korea from its characteristic(More)
AIMS A multi-centre, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was conducted to evaluate the efficacy and the safety of acamprosate over 8 weeks in Korean alcohol-dependent patients. METHODS One hundred and forty-two alcohol-dependent patients in 12 centres were randomized to 8 weeks treatment with either acamprosate (n = 72) or a placebo (n =(More)
OBJECTIVE The psychobiological model of temperament and character indicates that personality traits are heritable and, during development, constantly influence one's susceptibility to schizophrenia. Our objective was to evaluate temperament and character in subjects at ultra-high risk (UHR) for psychosis and individuals with first-episode schizophrenia. (More)
Many researchers have used cue reactivity paradigm to study alcohol craving. But the difference of craving response to drinks between alcoholic patients and social drinkers was little evaluated. To investigate characteristics of alcohol-related visual cues which induce alcohol craving in alcoholism, we examined the response of subjects to alcohol-related(More)
BACKGROUND Polymorphisms of serotonin transporter, especially serotonin transporter linked promoter region (5- HTTLPR) and serotonin transporter intron 2 variable number tandem repeat (5-HTTVNTR), have been suggested to be associated with treatment response to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors. However, there have been only few reports of the(More)
PURPOSE Suicide is a major concern for increasing mortality in bipolar patients, but risk factors for suicide in bipolar disorder remain complex, including Korean patients. Medical records of bipolar patients were retrospectively reviewed to detect significant clinical characteristics associated with suicide attempts. MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 579(More)
BACKGROUND PET-CT is widely used for evaluation and follow-up of malignancy. Incidental hypermetabolic lesions are often found on PET-CT, some of which are confirmed to be malignant. PURPOSE To estimate the role of combined Breast Imaging-Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) assessment using mammography and sonography for evaluation of incidental(More)