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BACKGROUND A significant number of patients treated with anthracyclines develop cardiotoxicity (anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity [ACT]), mainly presenting as arrhythmias (acute ACT) or congestive heart failure (chronic ACT). There are no data on pharmacogenomic predictors of ACT. METHODS AND RESULTS We genotyped participants of the German non-Hodgkin(More)
Full human genomic sequences have been published in the latest two years for a growing number of individuals. Most of them are a mixed consensus of the two real haplotypes because it is still very expensive to separate information coming from the two copies of a chromosome. However, latest improvements and new experimental approaches promise to solve these(More)
Determining the underlying haplotypes of individual human genomes is an essential, but currently difficult, step toward a complete understanding of genome function. Fosmid pool-based next-generation sequencing allows genome-wide generation of 40-kb haploid DNA segments, which can be phased into contiguous molecular haplotypes computationally by Single(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the relevance and necessity to account for the effects of population substructure on association studies under a case-control design in central Europe, we analysed three samples drawn from different geographic areas of Germany. Two of the three samples, POPGEN (n = 720) and SHIP (n = 709), are from north and north-east Germany,(More)
Periarticular calcification is a common attendant symptom of generalized arterial calcification of infancy, a rare Mendelian disorder caused by mutations of the gene coding for ectonucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase 1 (ENPP1). This prompted us to perform a family-based association study to test the hypothesis that genetic variation at the ENPP1(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the relation of bone mineral density (BMD) to inherited polymorphisms within the gene coding for the vitamin D receptor (VDR) in postmenopausal women. METHODS DNA samples from 163 post-menopausal women and from 112 controls were genotyped for common allelic determinants within the VDR gene as defined by the restriction enzyme sites(More)
Independent determination of both haplotype sequences of an individual genome is essential to relate genetic variation to genome function, phenotype, and disease. To address the importance of phase, we have generated the most complete haplotype-resolved genome to date, "Max Planck One" (MP1), by fosmid pool-based next generation sequencing. Virtually all(More)
BACKGROUND Osteopenia is common in patients with celiac disease and is believed to result from malnutrition. Osteoporosis in otherwise healthy individuals is related to genetically determined polymorphisms within the vitamin-D-receptor (VDR) gene. We hypothesized that in celiac patients particular genes of the VDR enhance the susceptibility for(More)
To fully understand human biology and link genotype to phenotype, the phase of DNA variants must be known. Here we present a comprehensive analysis of haplotype-resolved genomes to assess the nature and variation of haplotypes and their pairs, diplotypes, in European population samples. We use a set of 14 haplotype-resolved genomes generated by fosmid(More)
Haplotype resolution of human genomes is essential to describe and interpret genetic variation and its impact on biology and disease. Our approach to haplotyping relies on converting genomic DNA into a fosmid library, which represents the entire diploid genome as a collection of haploid DNA clones of ~40 kb in size. These can be partitioned into pools such(More)