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Anemia is a common complication in dialysis patients because of their relative erythropoietin deficiency. Despite treatment with erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs), some patients experienced ESA hyporesponsiveness. We evaluated the clinical and laboratory factors that affect ESA hyporesponsiveness and investigated the relationships between hepcidin,(More)
Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection plays a significant role in the development and progression of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Expression of miR-21 has a prognostic role in a wide variety of cancers. The upregulation of miR-21 suppresses a number of target genes, including phosphatase tensin homologue (PTEN) and programmed cell death 4(More)
OBJECTIVES Autophagy is a critical intracellular pathway for the removal of aggregated proteins and damaged organelles. The aim of this study was to explore the contribution of autophagy-related proteins to clinical outcomes of patients with resected pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). METHODS The expression of 5 autophagy-related proteins in the(More)
Palliative chemotherapy is used to prolong survival among elderly patients with inoperable gastric cancer (GC). We analyzed differences between single and combination first-line palliative chemotherapy among these patients. Included patients were >70 years old and were treated for GC at four clinical centers of the Catholic University of Korea. Baseline(More)
Alopecia areata (AA) is a common disease of patchy hair loss on the scalp that can progress to cover the entire scalp and eventually the entire body. Intralesional injection of corticosteroids is the first-line therapy for adult patients, however some patients do not respond to glucocorticoid treatment effectively. To delineate the molecular mechanism(More)
CD44s is a cell adhesion molecule known to mediate cellular adhesion to the extracellular matrix, a prerequisite for tumor cell migration. CD44s plays an important role in invasion and metastasis of various cancers. In the present study, we sought to determine whether CD44s is involved in clinical outcomes of patients with resected non-small cell lung(More)
Few studies of systemic chemotherapy have focused on gastric cancer with peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC) without measurable lesions. In the present study, we characterized the outcomes of systemic chemotherapy and prognostic factors for gastric cancer with PC, particularly in patients without measurable disease. Clinical data from 211 gastric cancer patients(More)
BACKGROUND A common side effect of oxaliplatin is peripheral neurotoxicity. Oxidative stress to dorsal root ganglion (DRG) may be one of important pathogenic mechanisms. Green tea contains four polyphenol catechins, which are known to be potent antioxidants. The present work is aimed to determine whether green tea extracts have neuroproective or palliative(More)
Considering the protumorigenic roles of interleukin-6 (IL-6) transsignaling, we assessed the serum levels of IL-6, soluble interleukin-6 receptor (sIL-6R), and soluble glycoprotein 130 (sgp130) in 143 patients with breast cancer. Serum levels of IL-6 were elevated with advanced T and N stage. Serum levels of sIL-6R were lower in patients with estrogen(More)
A 31-yr-old man with abdominal pain was diagnosed with a pancreatic endocrine tumor and multiple hepatic metastases. Despite optimal treatment with interferon alpha, a somatostatin analog, local therapy with high-intensity focused ultrasound ablation for multiple hepatic metastases, and multiple lines of chemotherapy with etoposide/cisplatin combination(More)