Eun-Kyoung Choi

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The nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) is an important transcription factor necessary for initiating and sustaining inflammatory and immune reactions. The inducers of NF-kappaB are well characterized, but the molecular mechanisms underlying multiple in vivo NF-kappaB activation processes are poorly understood. The injection of lipopolysaccharide resulted in(More)
Prion diseases are transmissible neurodegenerative disorders that are invariably fatal in humans and animals. Although the nature of the infectious agent and pathogenic mechanisms of prion diseases are not clear, it has been reported that prion diseases may be associated with aberrant metabolism of cellular prion protein (PrP(C)). In various reports, it has(More)
While programmed death-1 (PD-1), a co-inhibitory member of CD28 immunoglobulin superfamily plays negative roles in effector functions of T cells and B cells, little is known about the function of PD-1 expressed on innate immune cells. In this study, we demonstrate that IL-12 production was greatly suppressed in LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 cells upon PD-1(More)
A human polyomavirus, JC virus (JCV) is ubiquitous in humans and infects children asymptomatically. It persists in renal tissue and is excreted progeny in urine. DNAs from urine samples of 100 healthy Korean individuals were screened for the presence of JCV by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Twenty of the samples were positive for JCV. JCV DNA was found in(More)
Nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) is a transcription factor that plays crucial roles in inflammation and immunity. Understanding the positive and negative regulation of NF-kappaB activity is therefore of fundamental importance. A few previous studies reported that inhibition of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)-Akt pathway enhances lipopolysaccharide(More)
Peptidylarginine deiminases (PADs), which are a group of posttranslational modification enzymes, are involved in protein citrullination (deimination) by the conversion of peptidylarginine to peptidylcitrulline in a calcium concentration-dependent manner. Among the PADs, PAD2 is widely distributed in various tissues and is the only type that is expressed in(More)
Scrapie, one of the prion diseases, is a transmissible neurodegenerative disease of sheep and other animals. Clinical symptoms of prion diseases are characterized by a long latent period, followed by progressive ataxia, tremor, and death. To study the induction of neurodegeneration during scrapie infection, we have analyzed the activities of various(More)
Amyloid precursor protein (APP) is a widely expressed transmembrane protein of unknown function that is involved in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). We investigated the involvement of phospholipase D (PLD) in the pathophysiology of AD. We showed dramatic upregulation of PLD1 immunoreactivity in reactive astroglial cells in brain tissue sections(More)
Prions have been extensively studied since they represent a new class of infectious agents, the pathogenic prion protein (PrPSc). However, a central question on the physiological function of the normal prion protein (PrPC) remains unresolved. A cell model which was previously established from Rikn mice (PrP-/-) remains problematic because of its ectopic(More)