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Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are at increased risk for developing colorectal cancer (CRC), although the overall incidence of IBD-associated CRC has been diminishing in recent decades in western countries. As demonstrated in previous studies, the risk of CRC in IBD increases with longer duration, extent of colitis, a familial history of(More)
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS To suggest an appropriate surveillance strategy after curative endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for early gastric cancers, based on incidence and patterns of local, metachronous, and extragastric recurrence. PATIENTS AND METHODS Between 2003 and 2011, 1497 consecutive patients with 1539 differentiated-type early gastric(More)
In order to assess the therapeutic effects of PG201 (an ethanol extract from herbs) on osteoarthritis, we investigated whether PG201 could suppress the disease progression of collagenase-induced arthritis (CNIA) in rabbits. The right knees of rabbits were injected intra-articularly with collagenase, and the rabbits were orally treated with distilled water(More)
Lesions of the lateral hypothalamus (LH) cause hypophagia. However, activation of glutamatergic neurons in LH inhibits feeding. These results suggest a potential importance for other LH neurons in stimulating feeding. Our current study in mice showed that disruption of GABA release from adult LH GABAergic neurons reduced feeding. LH GABAergic neurons(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Seasonal variation may influence the development and exacerbation of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). However, most epidemiologic studies on this topic have been conducted in Western countries. The purpose of this study was to determine whether birth dates and symptom flares follow a seasonal pattern in Korean patients with IBD. METHODS(More)
Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) is performed to provide nutrition to patients with swallowing difficulties. A multicenter study was conducted to evaluate the predictors of complications and mortality after PEG placement. This study retrospectively analyzed patients who underwent initial PEG placement between January 2004 and December 2011 at seven(More)
As biopsy sites may miss coexisting gastric mucosal high grade neoplasia (HGN) foci, making a diagnosis of gastric mucosal low grade neoplasia (LGN) based only on forceps biopsy specimens can be inaccurate. Therefore, to achieve an accurate diagnosis, endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) of the entire lesion is required. However, EMR can cause serious(More)
Central administration of neuromedins and neuromedin-related peptides suppresses food intake in rodents. Neurotensin- and neuromedin U (NMU)-induced anorexia is mainly mediated through neurotensin receptor 1 (Ntsr1) and NMU receptor 2, respectively. Xenin belongs to the neurotensin family and suppresses food intake via an unknown receptor. It has been(More)
Measurement of colon transit time is the most basic and primary tool in evaluating disorders of colonic motility. In particular, it is helpful in pathologic diagnosis and for planning management in patients with constipation. Several techniques for measuring colon transit time currently exist. The standard measurement of colon transit time has been(More)
Xenin, a 25-amino acid gastrointestinal peptide, inhibits feeding by acting through the central nervous system. Gastrointestinal hormones reduce food intake partly by activating the brainstem and inhibiting gastric emptying. Therefore, we hypothesized that xenin delays gastric emptying through the activation of the brainstem cells. To address this(More)