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We investigated the effects of different concentrations of auxin and auxin/cytokinin combinations, inoculum sizes and Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium dilutions on biomass and accumulation of total phenols and flavonoids in adventitious roots of Hypericum perforatum. The optimized conditions for the shake flask culture growth and secondary metabolites(More)
A multistep two-component signaling system is established as a key element of cytokinin signaling in Arabidopsis. Here, we provide evidence for a function of the two-component signaling system in cold stress response in Arabidopsis. Cold significantly induced the expression of a subset of A-type ARR genes and of GUS in Pro(ARR7):GUS transgenic Arabidopsis.(More)
Ammonium to nitrate ratios of 0:30, 5:25, 10:20, 15:15, 20:10, 25:5, and 30:0 mM were tested to determine the optimal NH(4)(+) :NO(3)(-) ratio for improving biomass and bioactive compound production in Eleutherococcus koreanum Nakai adventitious roots using 3-L bulb-type bubble bioreactors. A high ammonium nitrogen ratio had a negative effect on root(More)
The mutation or overexpression of alpha-synuclein protein plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease. In our preliminary experiments, we found that alpha-synuclein induced the expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) (MMP-1, -3, -8, and -9) in rat primary cultured microglia. Thus, the current study was undertaken to determine the(More)
Plant cell and organ cultures have emerged as potential sources of secondary metabolites, which are used as pharmaceuticals, agrochemicals, flavors, fragrances, coloring agents, biopesticides, and food additives. In recent years, various strategies have been developed to assess biomass accumulation and synthesis of secondary compounds in cultures. Biomass(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the clinicopathologic and endoscopic features of precursor lesions associated with traditional serrated adenomas (TSAs). METHODS Mutation studies for BRAF, KRAS, PIK3CA, and EGFR and immunohistochemical staining for Ki-67 were performed on 107 TSAs from 104 patients. RESULTS Nondysplastic hyperplastic polyp (HP) or sessile(More)
In an attempt to improve growth and secondary metabolite production, and to understand the possible mechanism involved in relation to the changes in physiology and activities of antioxidant enzymes, we cultured Morinda citrifolia adventitious roots in different strength (0.25, 0.50, 0.75, 1.0, 1.5 and 2.0) of Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium supplemented(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) can protect bone marrow transplantation (BMT) recipients from the lethal acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) development. However, the mechanisms underlying the anti-inflammatory properties of MSCs in aGVHD remain to be elucidated. The immunoregulatory properties of MSCs are mediated by their production of anti-inflammatory(More)
A novel fibrous membrane was developed for guided bone regeneration (GBR) through electrospinning a uniform poly(epsilon-caprolactone) (PCL)-silica hybrid sol. The membrane was composed of fibers with a mean diameter of approximately 400 nm. The hybrid fibers were nano-sized with uniform patterns throughout the fibers, in contrast to the homogeneous(More)