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Mutation of the p53 tumor suppressor gene is the most common genetic alteration in human cancer. A majority of these mutations are missense mutations in the DNA-binding domain. As a result, the mutated p53 gene encodes a full-length protein incapable of transactivating its target genes. In addition to this loss of function, mutant p53 can have a dominant(More)
We recently demonstrated that the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor-associated factor 6 (TRAF6) helps maintenance of cell survival by regulating glycogen synthase kinase 3beta (GSK3beta) activity during TNF signaling. However, the molecular linkage between TRAF6 and GSK3beta signaling is unknown. Herein, we showed that TRAF6 positively regulated cell(More)
BACKGROUND This study was conducted to assess the efficacy of preoperative chemoradiation followed by transanal excision among patients with locally advanced lower rectal cancer. METHODS Between May 1994 and June 2005, 73 patients with locally advanced lower rectal cancer were treated with curative intent by preoperative chemoradiation followed by(More)
BACKGROUND Preoperative restaging of irradiated rectal cancer is essential for the planning of optimal therapy. The aim of this study was to compare the accuracy of endorectal ultrasonography (ERUS) and CT in restaging rectal cancer after preoperative chemoradiation and to evaluate the factors affecting the accuracy of ERUS. STUDY DESIGN Eighty-three(More)
Sphincter-preserving operations (SPO) for lower rectal cancer are on the rise. In the study reported here, we compared the oncologic outcomes of patients who underwent sphincter-preserving operations following preoperative chemoradiation for lower rectal cancer with the outcome for patients who underwent abdominoperineal resection (APR). This prospective(More)
Myosin VI is an unconventional motor protein, and its mutation is responsible for the familiar conditions sensorineural deafness and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Myosin VI is found to play a key role in the protein trafficking and homeostasis of the Golgi complex. However, very little is known about how myosin VI is regulated and whether myosin VI has a(More)
TrkA, a receptor for nerve growth factor, plays a crucial role in neuronal cell growth and differentiation. However, overactivation of TrkA signaling leads to cell death in various cell types. TrkA-mediated cell death shows some similarities to DNA damage-induced cell death. In this study, we examined how TrkA-induced cell death is regulated upon DNA(More)
Loss of dopaminergic cells induced by alpha-synuclein accumulation in substantia nigra causes the development of Parkinson's disease (PD). To date, although autophagy has been implicated in the pathology of PD, the molecular mechanism is still unclear. To study the role of autophagy in PD pathogenesis, we established stable SH-SY5Y cell lines overexpressing(More)
While Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) latency-associated gene expression is associated with cell cycle progression, the relationship between the EBV lytic program and the cell cycle is less clear. Using four different EBV lytic induction systems, we address the relationship between lytic cycle activation and the cell cycle. In three of these systems, G0 or G1 cell(More)