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Focal malformations of cortical development (FMCDs) account for the majority of drug-resistant pediatric epilepsy. Postzygotic somatic mutations activating the phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate-3-kinase (PI3K)-protein kinase B (AKT)-mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway are found in a wide range of brain diseases, including FMCDs. It remains(More)
PURPOSE Clinical evidence suggests increased cancer stem cells (CSCs) in a tumor mass may contribute to the failure of conventional therapies because CSCs seem to be more resistant than differentiated tumor cells. Thus, unveiling the mechanism regulating CSCs and candidate target molecules will provide new strategy to cure the patients. EXPERIMENTAL(More)
Prostate cancer (PCa) becomes lethal when cancer cells develop into castration-resistant PCa (CRPC). Androgen receptor (AR) gene mutation, altered AR regulation, or overexpression of AR often found in CRPC is believed to become one of the key factors to the lethal phenotype. Here we identify Slug, a member of the Snail family of zinc-finger transcription(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS ω3-polyunsaturated fatty acids (ω3- PUFAs) are known to possess anticancer properties. However, the relationship between ω3-PUFAs and β-catenin, one of the key components of the Wnt signaling pathway, in human pancreatic cancer remains poorly characterized. METHODS Human pancreatic cancer cells (SW1990 and PANC-1) were exposed to two(More)
Combination therapy is key to improving cancer treatment efficacy. Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA), a well-known PKC activator, increases the cytotoxicity of several anticancer drugs. Apicularen A induces cytotoxicity in tumor cells through disrupting microtubule networks by tubulin down-regulation. In this study, we examined whether PMA increases(More)
PURPOSE The mechanisms of thymidine phosphorylase (TP) regulation induced by radiation therapy (XRT) in various tumors are poorly understood. We investigated the effect and mechanisms of preoperative XRT on TP expression in rectal cancer tissues. METHODS AND MATERIALS TP expression and CD68 and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) levels in rectal(More)
Rottlerin is widely used as a protein kinase C-delta inhibitor. Recently, several reports have shown the possible apoptosis-inducing effect of rottlerin in some cancer cell lines. Here we report that rottlerin induces not only apoptosis but also autophagy via a PKC-delta-independent pathway in HT1080 human fibrosarcoma cells. Rottlerin treatment induced a(More)
It has been reported that the SW480 human colon cancer cell line consists of E-type and R-type cells. The long-term tumorigenic potential, invasive and metastatic properties of these subclones have not been characterized. E-type and R-type cells were subcloned using limiting dilution methods from parental SW480 cells. The cell growth rate was determined by(More)
PURPOSE Apicularen A has been shown to cause growth inhibition and apoptosis in several cancer cell lines. However, the mechanisms of apicularen A-induced cell death and in vivo effects remain unclear. In this study, we investigated the molecular mechanisms of apicularen A-induced cell death in HM7 human colon cancer cells in vitro and anticancer activity(More)
To gain insight on the role of transacting factors in the regulatory mechanism of H2B histone gene expression during the differentiation of HL-60 cells by 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate (TPA), the binding pattern of nuclear proteins to various elements in the human H2B histone gene upstream region have been investigated with DNase I footprinting and(More)