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Formyl peptide receptor-like 1 (FPRL1) is an important classical chemoattractant receptor that is expressed in phagocytic cells in the peripheral blood and brain. Recently, various novel agonists have been identified from several origins, such as host-derived molecules. Activation of FPRL1 is closely related to inflammatory responses in the host defense(More)
Although the level of serum amyloid A has been reported to be up-regulated during inflammatory response, the role of serum amyloid A on the regulation of inflammation and immune response has not been elucidated. We found that serum amyloid A stimulated the production of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha and interleukin (IL)-10, which are proinflammatory and(More)
Formyl peptide receptor-like 1 (FPRL1) plays a key role in the regulation of immune responses. The activation of FPRL1 induces a complicated pattern of cellular signaling, which results in the regulation of several immune responses, such as chemotactic migration and the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Because some of these cellular responses(More)
Phospholipase C (PLC)gamma and phospholipase D (PLD) play pivotal roles in the signal transduction required for various cellular responses, including cell proliferation and differentiation. Dendritic cells (DCs), which are professional antigen-presenting cells, can be generated from human monocytes by stimulating the cells with granulocyte-macrophage(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) play a key role in activating the immune response against invading pathogens as well as dying cells or tumors. Although the immune response can be initiated by the phagocytic activity by DCs, the molecular mechanism involved in this process has not been fully investigated. Trp-Lys-Tyr-Met-Val-Met-NH(2) (WKYMVM) stimulates the(More)
OBJECTIVE Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotides (NAD+ and NADH) play a crucial role in cellular energy metabolism, and a dysregulated NAD+-to-NADH ratio is implicated in metabolic syndrome. However, it is still unknown whether a modulating intracellular NAD+-to-NADH ratio is beneficial in treating metabolic syndrome. We tried to determine whether(More)
The metabolism of arachidonic acid, in particular the generation of prostaglandins (PGs), has been proposed to play a key role in the regulation of labor. Moreover, several extracellular proteins have been reported to modulate PG synthesis in amnion cells. In this study, we found that lipid components dissolved in the amniotic fluid modulate PG synthesis in(More)
Although the level of group IB secretory phospholipase A(2) (sPLA(2)-IB) has been reported to be up-regulated during inflammatory response, the role of sPLA(2)-IB on the regulation of inflammation and immune responses has not been fully elucidated. In this study, we found that sPLA(2)-IB stimulates the expression and secretion of CXCL8 without affecting(More)
We investigated the role of Toxoplasma gondii-derived heat shock protein 70 (TgHSP70) as a dendritic cell (DC) maturation-inducing molecule. TgHSP70 induced the maturation of human monocyte-derived dendritic cells as determined by increased levels of surface markers, namely, CD40, CD80, CD86, and HLA-DR. Moreover, TgHSP70 also reduced phagocytic activity(More)
Human-amniotic WISH cells express the lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) receptor, LPA(1), LPA(2) but not LPA(3). When WISH cells were stimulated with LPA, phospholipase D (PLD) activation was dramatically induced via a cytosolic calcium increase and protein kinase C activation. We also found that LPA stimulated two kinds of mitogen-activated protein kinase(More)