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OBJECTIVE To evaluate the dose effect of recombinant mouse granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (rmGM-CSF) or brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in culture medium on the development of in vitro fertilized mouse embryos. METHODS Mature oocytes were retrieved from superovulated female BDF1 mice and inseminated by sperm from male BDF1 mice.(More)
OBJECTIVE Smoking has been reported to harm nearly every organ of the body, but conflicting results have been reported regarding the effects of smoking on assisted conception. In this prospective cohort study, we aimed to investigate the prevalence of positive urinary cotinine tests in infertile couples and whether cotinine positivity was associated with(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate fertilization and embryo quality of dysmorphic mature oocytes with specific morphological abnormalities obtained from intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). METHODS The fertilization rate (FR) and embryo quality were compared among 58 dysmorphic and 42 normal form oocytes (control 1) obtained from 35 consecutive ICSI cycles,(More)
The cell-extracellular matrix (ECM) interaction plays an essential role in maintaining tissue shapes and regulates cell behaviors such as cell adhesion, differentiation and proliferation. The mechanism by which the ECM influences the cell cycle in vivo is poorly understood. Here we demonstrate that the β integrin PAT-3 regulates the localization and(More)
OBJECTIVE The hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer is inherited syndrome characterized by the development of cancers in various organ system; these includes colorectum, endometrium, and less frequently, small bowel, stomach, urinary tract, ovaries, and brain. We aimed to investigate the clinicopathologic characteristics of hereditary nonpolyposis(More)
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