Eun-Hwa Sohn

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Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory disease and the expression of adhesion molecules on vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) contributes to the progress of the disease. Diosgenin, a precursor of steroid hormones, has been shown to have a variety of biological activities including anti-inflammatory activity; however, its molecular mechanisms are poorly(More)
Atherosclerosis is a long-term inflammatory disease of the arterial wall. Increased expression of the cell adhesion molecules such as intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) is associated with increased proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs), leading to increased neointima or atherosclerotic(More)
Fruits of the Litsea family of trees and shrubs contain biologically active compounds, some of which have been used as natural nutrients and flavoring agents in food. In this study, we identified novel anti-nociceptive effects of the 30% ethanol extract, the CH(2)Cl(2) fraction and the associated active components (Hamabiwalactone A and B) from Litsea(More)
Fucoidan has shown numerous biological actions; however, the molecular bases of these actions have being issued. We examined the effect of fucoidan on NO production induced by IFN-γ and the molecular mechanisms underlying these effects in two types of cells including glia (C6, BV-2) and macrophages (RAW264.7, peritoneal primary cells). Fucoidan affected(More)
In neurodegenerative disorders, activated glial cells overproduce nitric oxide (NO), which causes neurotoxicity. Inducible NO synthase (iNOS) is a potential therapeutic target in neurodegenerative diseases. Here, we examined the action of fucoidan, a high-molecular-weight sulfated polysaccharide, on tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha)- and(More)
Zinc has been considered as a vital constituent of proteins, including enzymes. Mobile reactive zinc (Zn(2+)) is the key form of zinc involved in signal transductions, which are mainly driven by its binding to proteins or the release of zinc from proteins, possibly via a redox switch. There has been growing evidence of zinc's critical role in cell(More)
Obesity is characterized by hypertrophy and/or by the differentiation or adipogenesis of pre-existing adipocytes. In this study, we investigated the inhibitory effects of theobromine, a type of alkaloid in cocoa, on adipocyte differentiation of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes and its mechanisms of action. Theobromine inhibited the accumulation of lipid droplets, the(More)
The present study was undertaken to investigate the inhibitory effects of fucoidan, a sulfated polysaccharide isolated from the edible brown seaweed Undaria pinnatifida, on the growth of Plasmodium parasites. In order to assess the anti-malarial activity of fucoidan, growth inhibition activities were evaluated using cultured Plasmodium falciparum parasites(More)
AIM OF STUDY Acer tegmentosum has been traditionally used for folk medicine to treat hepatic disorders such as hepatitis, hepatic cancer, and hepatic cirrhosis. In this study, we demonstrate the ethno-pharmacological activity of Acer tegmentosum in in vitro and in vivo inflammatory conditions. RESULTS The 70% ethanol extract (At-EE) of Acer tegmentosum(More)
BACKGROUND Atopic dermatitis is a chronic, allergic inflammatory skin disease that is accompanied by markedly increased levels of inflammatory cells, including eosinophils, mast cells, and T cells. Arctium lappa L. is a traditional medicine in Asia. This study examined whether a butanol extract of A. lappa (ALBE) had previously unreported anti-allergic or(More)