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MOTIVATION Core sets are necessary to ensure that access to useful alleles or characteristics retained in genebanks is guaranteed. We have successfully developed a computational tool named 'PowerCore' that aims to support the development of core sets by reducing the redundancy of useful alleles and thus enhancing their richness. RESULTS The program, using(More)
In this paper, we studied the effect of subculture of mother-plants and of preculture of shoot tips of two potato varieties (Dejima, cultivated and STN13, wild) cryopreserved using the droplet-vitrification technique. The subculture conditions (light intensity, aeration and planting density) significantly affected survival of both non-cryopreserved and(More)
This paper investigates the effect of the origin and size of the explants employed and of the preconditioning (cold acclimation, preculture) and loading treatments on survival and regeneration of cryopreserved garlic shoot apices using vitrification with the PVS3 vitrification solution. Both the origin and size of explants had a significant effect on(More)
The conserved domains of reverse transcriptase (RT) genes of Ty1-copia and Ty3-gypsy groups of long terminal repeat (LTR) retrotransposons were amplified from mungbean (Vigna radiata) genome using degenerate primers, cloned and sequenced. Among these 34% and 65% of respective clones of copia and gypsy RT sequences possessed stop codons or frame-shifts or(More)
This study aimed at developing alternative vitrification solutions, modified either from the original PVS2 vitrification solution by increasing glycerol and sucrose and/or decreasing dimethylsulfoxide and ethylene glycol concentration, or from the original PVS3 vitrification solution by decreasing glycerol and sucrose concentration. The application of these(More)
Changes in moisture content (MC), sucrose and glycerol concentration in garlic shoot tips were monitored during loading and unloading with PVS3 solution. Upon PVS3 treatment, shoot tip MC decreased rapidly and sucrose and glycerol concentrations increased rapidly during the first 30 min. Sucrose and glycerol concentrations increased more slowly thereafter.(More)
This paper investigates the effect of dehydration, rewarming, unloading and regrowth conditions and of bulb post-harvest storage duration on survival and regeneration of cryopreserved garlic shoot tips. PVS3 was the most effective of the seven vitrification solutions compared. Treating shoot tips with PVS3 for 150-180 min ensured 92 % regeneration after(More)
The droplet-vitrification protocol, a combination of droplet-freezing and solution-based vitrification was applied for cryopreserving garlic bulbil primordia. The highest survival and regeneration percentages of cryopreserved primordia (90.1 to 95.0 percent and 82.7 to 85.0 percent, respectively) were achieved after preculture for 2-4 days at 10 degree C on(More)
Korean ginseng germplasm is maintained as clonal germplasm since there is no practical method for long-term seed conservation. The aim of this study was to establish a cryopreservation protocol for Korean ginseng seeds. Desiccation of undehisced ginseng seeds to a moisture content (MC) of 7.1 % did not decrease their dehiscence and germination. After(More)
In this paper, the evolution of dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) concentration and moisture content (MC) of garlic shoot tips was studied during the course of a vitrification protocol using the PVS2 vitrification solution. DMSO concentration of shoot tips increased rapidly, reaching 34.1 mg per g fresh weight after 20 min of PVS2 treatment and remained stable(More)