Eun-Cheol Kim

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Bone resorptive cytokines contribute to bone loss in periodontal disease. However, the involvement of SIRT1 in high-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1)-induced osteoclastic cytokine production remains unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of SIRT1 in the responses of human periodontal ligament cells to HMGB1 and to identify the underlying(More)
A 116.7-mm NAND flash memory having two modes, 1-Gb multilevel program cell (MLC) and high-performance 512 -Mb single-level program cell (SLC) modes, is fabricated with a 0.15m CMOS technology. Utilizing simultaneous operation of four independent banks, the device achieves 1.6 and 6.9 MB/s program throughputs for MLC and SLC modes, respectively. The(More)
Melatonin has potent antioxidant, analgesic, and antinociceptive properties. However, the effects of melatonin against oxidative stress-induced cytotoxicity and inflammatory mediators in human chondrocytes remain poorly understood. This study examined the effects and underlying mechanism of melatonin in hydrogen peroxide (H(2) O(2) )-stimulated human(More)
Iron is an essential element for the neoplastic cell growth, and iron chelators have been tested for their potential anti-proliferative and cytotoxic effects. To determine the mechanism of cell death induced by iron chelators, we explored the pathways of the three structurally related mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase subfamilies during apoptosis(More)
Iron is essential for neoplastic cell growth, and iron chelators have been tested for potential anti-proliferative and anti-cancer effects, but the effects of iron chelators on oral cancer have not been clearly elucidated. To determine the mechanism of cell death induced by iron chelators, we explored the pathways of the three structurally related(More)
BACKGROUND Numerous epidemiological studies have reported that tobacco smoking is a major risk factor for oral cancer, but relatively little is known about the effect of nicotine, a major product of cigarette smoking, on immortalized oral keratinocytes and cancer cells. METHODS We investigated the effects of nicotine on the growth and differentiation of(More)
Piperine, a main component of Piper longum Linn. and Piper nigrum Linn., is a plant alkaloid with a long history of medical use. Piperine exhibits anti-inflammatory activity; however, the underlying mechanism remains unknown. We examined the effects of piperine on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammatory responses. Administration of piperine inhibited(More)
The roles of IL-1alpha and TNF-alpha in early pulp inflammation were investigated by determining the alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, the osteonectin (ON), osteocalcin (OC), bone sialoprotein (BSP), and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) expression using an immunoblot method. Primary cultured dental pulp cells were treated with IL-1alpha, TNF-alpha, or both for 3,(More)
This study was conducted to evaluate the pulpal response to direct capping with either mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) or calcium hydroxide (CH) cement in humans, with a focus on dentin bridge formation and dentin sialoprotein (DSP) and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) expression. Direct pulp capping was performed in 20 cases of caries-free human third molars. The(More)
BACKGROUND Fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) participates in both hematopoiesis and osteogenesis; however, the effects of FGF-2 on chemokines during odontoblastic differentiation have not been reported. This study investigated whether human dental pulp cells (HDPCs) treated with FGF-2 could express chemokines during differentiation into odontoblastic cells(More)