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OBJECTIVE To determine to what extent HIV-1 group O strains are present in different African countries. MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 14,682 samples of sera from a range of patients from 12 different African countries were tested. All the sera were tested with an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using a combination of V3 peptides from ANT-70(More)
The heat shock protein DnaK is essential for intramacrophagic replication of Brucella suis. The replacement of the stress-inducible, native dnaK promoter of B. suis by the promoter of the constitutively expressed bla gene resulted in temperature-independent synthesis of DnaK. In contrast to a dnaK null mutant, this strain grew at 37 degrees C, with a(More)
Pathogens often encounter stressful conditions inside their hosts. In the attempt to characterize the stress response in Brucella suis, a gene highly homologous to Escherichia coli clpB was isolated from Brucella suis, and the deduced amino acid sequence showed features typical of the ClpB ATPase family of stress response proteins. Under high-temperature(More)
BACKGROUND Although recent work has described the spatiotemporal diffusion of influenza viruses worldwide, comprehensive data on spatiotemporal patterns of influenza from the African continent and Madagascar are still lacking. METHODS National Influenza Centers from 5 countries-Cameroon, Côte d'Ivoire, Madagascar, Niger, and Senegal--collected specimens(More)
The protein ClpA belongs to a diverse group of polypeptides named ClpATPases, which are highly conserved, and which include several molecular chaperones. In this study the gene encoding the 91 kDa protein b-ClpA of the facultative intracellular pathogen Brucella suis, which showed 70% identity to ClpA of Rhodobacter blasticus, was identified and sequenced.(More)
BACKGROUND Many countries in Africa have lacked sentinel surveillance systems for influenza and are under-represented in data used for global vaccine strain selection. OBJECTIVES We describe 8 years of sentinel surveillance data and the contribution of influenza and other viruses to medically attended influenza-like illness (ILI) in Côte d'Ivoire. (More)
The aim of the study was to show the emergence of the qnr genes in extended spectrum beta-lactamases producing enterobacteria in Abidjan between 2005 and 2006. The whole of 151 strains of extended spectrum beta-lactamases producing enterobacteria were studied: 64 Escherichia coli, 66 Klebsiella pneumoniae, seven Klebsiella oxytoca and 14 Enterobacter spp.(More)
Buruli ulcer is currently a major public health problem in Côte d'Ivoire. It is a neglected tropical disease closely associated with aquatic environments. Aquatic insects of the Hemiptera order have been implicated in human transmission of Mycobacterium ulcerans, the pathogenic agent of Buruli ulcer. The purpose of this preliminary study using the(More)
Buruli ulcer (BU) disease, caused by Mycobacterium ulcerans, is a major public health problem in Côte d'Ivoire. Until now, the mode of BU transmission was unknown, but recent studies implicate aquatic Heteroptera in the chain of transmission. This study was launched in Côte d'Ivoire to search for specific genetic markers for M. ulcerans in these bugs,(More)