Eugeny N Mashchenko

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291 Skeletal remains and frozen corpses of fossil mam mals, having special scientific value, are preserved in the permafrost. A considerable amount of such remains has been found in the Arctic zone of Yakutia, in regions of spreading ice sediments of the Yedoma suite. To date, more than 15 frozen corpses, including mammoths, wooly rhinoceroses, horses,(More)
The frozen bodies of a young woolly mammoth (Mammuthus primigenius), a wild horse (Equus sp.) and a steppe bison (Bison priscus) were recently found in the northern Yakutia (northeastern Siberia). All specimens have preserved bones, skin and soft tissues. Whereas the woolly mammoth and the Pleistocene horse were represented by partial frozen bodies, the(More)
508 The land vertebrate fauna from the Miocene of southern European Russia is poorly investigated. This is caused by a wide spread in this region of marine deposits of the Paratethys and restricted occurrences of continental sediments. Only isolated specimens mostly belonging to large mammals have been recorded in this area [1–3]. Therefore, a particularly(More)
An analysis of the available data on the various adaptations of the woolly mammoth to the cryoarid conditions of the Ice Age is presented. Mammuthus primigenius had a set of specific anatomic–morphological (thick long three-row wool, small ears, a short tail, an adipose “hump”, a “hood”-like extension on the trunk, and wide soles of the feet) and(More)
434 The first representatives of Elephantiformis Tassy 1988 spread from Africa to Eurasia about 22–21 Myr ago (to Europe, about 18 Myr ago) [1, 2]. In Asia, fos sil Proboscidea are very diverse; three superfamilies were the most widely spread in the late Cenozoic era: Mammutoidea Hay, 1922 (zygodont mastodons), Gomphotheriidae Hay, 1922 (gomotheres), and(More)
103 The family Elephantidae showed a high rate of evolution, early stages of which were confined to Africa, while later stages occurred in Eurasia (the genera Elephas L., 1758; Archidiskodon Nesti, 1825, and Mammuthus Burnet, 1830). The earliest members of the family (assigned to Primelephas gomphoroides Maglio, 1970) were recorded in eastern Africa at the(More)
The skull and lower jaw morphology of a calf of Archidiskodon sp. from the Oldowan (Early Paleolithic) Muhkai IIa site (Akushinskii raion, Dagestan) is described. The Muhkai IIa site is dated more than 1.5 Ma. This is the first record of the skull and lower jaw of calf of this species from the northern Caucasus. A skull fragment and lower jaw with(More)
The exterior, skeletal morphology, and teeth of a 4- to 5-month-old woolly mammoth calf, Mammuthus primigenius Proboscidea, Elephantidae from the Khroma River (Yakutia, Russia) are described. This is the third and best preserved frozen carcass of the mammoth calves from Yakutia. The calf is male (penis available). The individual age as determined by the(More)
148 The Shestakovo locality (Shestakovo, Chebula region, Kemerovo oblast, Fig. 1) is known for rich occurrences of Early Cretaceous continental fauna [1–3]. A fragment of a skeleton of the Psittacosaurus was first found in 1953 [4]. Since 1995, the locality has been studied by specialists of several research organi zations, including the Borissiak(More)
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