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We recently demonstrated that marrow stromal cells (MSCs) augment collateral remodeling through release of several cytokines such as VEGF and bFGF rather than via cell incorporation into new or remodeling vessels. The present study was designed to characterize the full spectrum of cytokine genes expressed by MSCs and to further examine the role of paracrine(More)
BACKGROUND Bone marrow cell therapy is reported to contribute to collateral formation through cell incorporation into new or remodeling vessels. However, the possible role of a paracrine contribution to this effect is less well characterized. METHODS AND RESULTS Murine marrow-derived stromal cells (MSCs) were purified by magnetic bead separation of(More)
Although the safety profiles of coronary stents eluting sirolimus or paclitaxel do not seem to differ from those of bare metal stents in the short-to-medium term, concern has arisen about the potential for late stent thromboses related to delayed endothelialisation of the stent struts. We report four cases of angiographically-confirmed stent thrombosis that(More)
BACKGROUND Stroke associated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is an infrequent although devastating complication. We investigated the incidence, predictors, and prognostic impact of periprocedural stroke in unselected patients undergoing PCI. METHODS AND RESULTS A total of 9662 patients who underwent 12 407 PCIs between January 1990 and July(More)
BACKGROUND The use of directional atherectomy (DA) for the treatment of calcified femoro-popliteal lesions seems to improve the acute procedural success, however without reducing the long term restenosis rate. Drug coated balloons (DCB) reduced restenosis rate in non heavy calcified lesions. Aim of this study was to demonstrate safety and efficacy of a(More)
BACKGROUND T lymphocytes, components of the immune and inflammatory systems, are involved in such normal processes as wound healing and host defense against infection and in such pathological processes as tumor growth and atherosclerotic plaque development. Angiogenesis is a mechanism common to each. Because CD4+ T lymphocytes are active in regulating(More)
Recent ultrastructural and immunohistochemical evidence supports the hypothesis that Paget's disease of bone is a slow viral infection of the Paramyxoviridae family. Conflicting evidence for the presence of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), a pneumovirus, or measles, a morbillivirus, has been reported. By the indirect fluorescent antibody assay, four RSV(More)
Bleeding related to percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) occurs relatively frequently. We retrospectively investigated the incidence, predictors, and prognostic impact of periprocedural bleeding and transfusion in 10,974 patients who underwent PCI. Bleeding definitions were based on Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) criteria: (1) major(More)
Initial animal studies of single angiogenic agents, such as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), generated enthusiasm for the concept that these agents might enhance collateral development and thereby provide alternative therapies for patients with vascular disease not amenable to traditional(More)
Rapamycin has been shown to reduce neointimal thickening in the setting of balloon angioplasty and chronic graft vessel disease. This study was designed to test the effect of oral rapamycin on atherosclerotic plaque progression and the possible mechanism involved. Apolipoprotein E (apoE) knockout mice were fed either a diet supplemented with cholesterol or(More)