Eugenio Benvenuto

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Expression of viral genes in transgenic plants is a very effective tool for attenuating plant viral infection. Nevertheless, the lack of generality and risk issues related to the expression of viral genes in plants might limit the exploitation of this strategy. Expression in plants of antibodies against essential viral proteins could provide an alternative(More)
The high-yield expression of a neutralizing epitope from human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) on the surface of a plant virus and its immunogenicity are presented. The highly conserved ELDKWA epitope from glycoprotein (gp) 41 was expressed as an N-terminal translational fusion with the potato virus X (PVX) coat protein. The resulting chimeric virus(More)
Immunomodulation by the ectopic expression of intracellular antibodies (‚intrabodies’) has a great potential for interfering with physiological or pathological functions in vivo in a highly specific manner. One of the major obstacles of this technology is the inability of most antibodies to properly fold and function in the reducing environment of the(More)
Despite the well-known crucial role of intradomain disulfide bridges for immunoglobulin folding and stability, the single-chain variable fragment of the anti-viral antibody F8 is functionally expressed when targeted to the reducing environment of the plant cytoplasm. We show here that this antibody fragment is also functionally expressed in the cytoplasm of(More)
Strawberry is worldwide appreciated for its unique flavour and as a source of macronutrients and high levels of antioxidants which are closely related to fruit ripening. We report the investigation of the complex physiological processes of strawberry fruit ripening at proteomic level. Multiple approaches were used to investigate strawberry fruit proteome.(More)
In the molecular farming area, transient expression approaches for pharmaceutical proteins production, mainly recombinant monoclonal antibodies and vaccines, were developed almost two decades ago and, to date, these systems basically depend on Agrobacterium-mediated delivery and virus expression machinery. We survey here the current state-of-the-art of this(More)
The analysis of grapevine (Vitis vinifera) berries at the transcriptomic, proteomic, and metabolomic levels can provide great insight into the molecular events underlying berry development and postharvest drying (withering). However, the large and very different data sets produced by such investigations are difficult to integrate. Here, we report the(More)
BACKGROUND Recombinant antibodies expressed in plants ('plantibodies'), directed against crucial antigens and addressed to the right cell compartment, may be able to protect against viral diseases. Moreover, antibody fragments produced in bacteria or plants may provide low cost reagents for immunodiagnosis. OBJECTIVES In an attempt to develop genetic(More)
New single-chain (type 1) ribosome-inactivating proteins (RIPs) were isolated from the seeds of Basella rubra L. (two proteins) and from the leaves of Bougainvillea spectabilis Willd. (one protein). These RIPs inhibit protein synthesis both in a cell-free system, with an IC50 (concentration causing 50% inhibition) in the 10−10 M range, and by various cell(More)
Sequences encoding the immunoglobulin heavy-chain variable (VH) domains were engineered in a new general purpose vector to transform plants via Agrobacterium. The expression of an isolated VH domain (IVD) after introduction into the plant genome has been monitored by northern, western and immuno-histochemical analysis. Immunoblotting showed that the(More)