Learn More
Collection of exhaled breath condensate (EBC) is a noninvasive method for obtaining samples from the lungs. EBC contains large number of mediators including adenosine, ammonia, hydrogen peroxide, isoprostanes, leukotrienes, nitrogen oxides, peptides and cytokines. Concentrations of these mediators are influenced by lung diseases and modulated by therapeutic(More)
We propose an innovative, integrated, cost-effective health system to combat major non-communicable diseases (NCDs), including cardiovascular, chronic respiratory, metabolic, rheumatologic and neurologic disorders and cancers, which together are the predominant health problem of the 21st century. This proposed holistic strategy involves comprehensive(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE In the last decades, several studies regarding cardiopulmonary sequelae in survivors of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) have been published, but results often are conflicting, and controversies still exist. The aim of this study was to assess cardiopulmonary anatomic and functional outcome in a group of long-term survivors of CDH of(More)
BACKGROUND Cysteinyl-leukotrienes (cys-LTs) and 8-isoprostane are biomarkers of airway inflammation and oxidative stress. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to evaluate cys-LT and 8-isoprostane levels in exhaled breath condensate (EBC) of children with different degrees of asthma severity. METHODS EBC was collected from 14 steroid-naive children with(More)
To evaluate the physiologic course of pulmonary function in infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) weighing less than 1,250 g at birth, 24 infants with BPD underwent serial pulmonary function evaluations from birth until 2 yr of age. All infants were intubated at birth and the mean duration of mechanical ventilation was 38 +/- 4 d. Passive(More)
BACKGROUND Cysteinyl leukotrienes (Cys-LTs) and isoprostanes are inflammatory metabolites derived from arachidonic acid whose levels are increased in the airways of asthmatic patients. Isoprostanes are relatively stable and specific for lipid peroxidation, which makes them potentially reliable biomarkers for oxidative stress. A study was undertaken to(More)
Ten children with renal failure (age range 2 years 6 months to 18 years 9 months; median 11 years 10 months), maintained by long-term hemodialysis, had successful correction of their anemia after intravenous administration of recombinant human erythropoietin in a dosage escalating every 2 weeks (75 to 150 to 300 to 450 IU/kg/wk). Mean hemoglobin(More)
BACKGROUND The Childhood Asthma Control Test (C-ACT) has been proposed as a tool in assessing the level of disease control in asthmatic children. To evaluate the position of C-ACT in the clinical management of asthmatic children, in relationship to the level of airway inflammation as assessed by fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) and with lung function.(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To quantify lung oxidative stress in asthmatic children by measuring concentrations of 8-isoprostane, a marker of oxidative stress, in exhaled breath condensate (EBC), which is a noninvasive method of sampling airway secretions. Secondary objectives were as follows: (1) to measure levels of exhaled prostaglandin (PG) E(2), since impaired(More)
BACKGROUND Exhaled breath condensate (EBC) is a rapidly expanding area of research to study airway inflammation through the detection of volatile and non-volatile substances in the airways. AIMS To determine the safety and feasibility of EBC procedure in a group of children with asthma of varying severity. METHODS In a cross sectional study of children(More)