Eugenio Aspillaga

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The genetic variability of four predominantly Indian populations of southern Chile's archipelagos was examined by determining the frequencies of four mitochondrial DNA haplogroups that characterize the American Indian populations. Over 90% of the individuals analyzed presented Native American mtDNA haplogroups. By means of an unweighted group pair method(More)
The genetic composition of a group of 24 Yamana indians that survive in Puerto Williams, Navarino Island, Chile (parallel 55 south of Tierra del Fuego), was studied. Results showed that these indians have a different genetic composition than Pehuenche indians, specially for HLA system and esterase D. This fact validates the hypothesis, based on(More)
This study describes the genetic composition of Pehuenche indians from Trapa-Trapa. The admixture analysis revealed that this group has conserved most of its pre-Columbian gene pool and therefore, is representative of the indians that lived in Southern Chile before the Spanish conquest. A relatively high frequency of a esterase D variant seems to indicate(More)
We studied 26 pehuenche children between 9 and 13 years of age and 12 non-pehuenche controls. Samples were obtained from saliva and from the bacterial plaque of 6 year molars and cultured anaerobically for 48 hr at 37 C in TYCSB medium. S mutans were obtained from 90% of children in both groups, all corresponding to biotype I (Coykendall). Nutritional and(More)
Mummies' demographic information of 10 prehispanic cultures that developed in the Arica region of Chile about 7000 years ago is analyzed and related to the present population structure. A paleoepidemiological analysis supports a relationship between cultural development and demographic structure. In chronological sequence, 4 demographic patterns can be(More)
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