Eugenio A. Cefali

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OBJECTIVE To characterize plasma and urine pharmacokinetics of niacin and its metabolites after oral administration of 2,000 mg of extended-release (ER) niacin in healthy male volunteers. METHODS Niacin ER was administered to 12 healthy male subjects following a low-fat snack. Plasma was collected for 12 h post dose and was analyzed for niacin,(More)
Zeolite A is a synthetic zeolite which may have therapeutic utility in osteoporotic individuals because of its ability to stimulate bone formation. A study of Zeolite A (30 mg/kg), sodium aluminosilicate (16 mg/kg), magnesium trisilicate (20 mg/kg), and aluminum hydroxide (675 mg) was designed in beagle dogs. The purpose of this study was to compare the(More)
OBJECTIVE Niacin is an effective treatment for dyslipidemia due to its favorable effects on multiple lipid parameters. Clinical utility of niacin is sometimes limited, however, because of cutaneous flushing. A once-daily, extended-release (ER) niacin formulation has been shown to significantly reduce flushing compared to immediate-release niacin. An(More)
The metabolic profile of niacin is influenced by the rate of niacin administration. This study characterizes the effect of administration rate on the pharmacokinetics of niacin and its metabolites. Twelve healthy males were enrolled in an open-label, dose-rate escalation study and received 2000 mg niacin at 3 different dosing rates. Plasma was analyzed for(More)
Lovastatin and extended-release (ER) niacin in a fixed dose combination (Advicor) is approved for the treatment of dyslipidemia. Since both drugs are extensively metabolized, this study investigated the bioavailability and pharmacokinetics of their co-administration following single-dose administration. In a 4-way crossover study 40 subjects received: two(More)
Procainamide (PA) and N-acetylprocainamide (NAPA) pharmacokinetics were examined in six patients undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) following a single oral dose of 625 mg of procainamide HCl. Peak serum PA concentrations occurred between 1 and 3 h after drug administration whereas peak NAPA levels were reached 14 to 48 h following(More)
INTRODUCTION Niacin is a recognized treatment for dyslipidemia due to its favorable effects on all lipid parameters. However, the clinical use of niacin has been limited by its adverse effects, particularly cutaneous flushing. A newly reformulated 1,000 mg niacin ER tablet has been designed to reduce flushing relative to the original commercial niacin ER(More)
The hydrolysis of diltiazem in biological fluids: whole blood, plasma, and gastric fluid was investigated under conditions considered close to the physiological situation. The most significant rate of hydrolytic degradation was found in whole blood (half-life of 27 h), followed by plasma (half-life of 88 h), while the least significant degradation rate was(More)
This study compared the pharmacokinetics of flurbiprofen (F) and three major metabolites in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) with the pharmacokinetics of F in normal subjects. A single 100-mg dose of F was administered to each of nine normal subjects and eight ESRD subjects. Blood and(More)