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We prove new patchworking theorems for singular algebraic curves, which state the following. Given a complex toric threefold Y which is fibred over C with a reduced reducible zero fiber Y 0 and other fibers Y t smooth, and given a curve C 0 ⊂ Y 0 , the theorems provide sufficient conditions for the existence of one-parametric family of curves C t ⊂ Y t ,… (More)
A detailed algebraic-geometric background is presented for the tropical approach to enumeration of singular curves on toric surfaces, which consists of reducing the enumeration of algebraic curves to that of non-Archimedean amoebas, the images of algebraic curves by a real-valued non-Archimedean valuation. This idea was proposed by Kontsevich and recently… (More)
We define a series of relative tropical Welschinger-type invariants of real toric surfaces. In the Del Pezzo case, these invariants can be seen as real tropical analogs of relative Gromov-Witten invariants, and are subject to a recursive formula. As application we obtain new formulas for Welschinger invariants of real toric Del Pezzo surfaces.
To the memory of Andrey Bolibruch, a lively man of creative mind and open soul Abstract The Welschinger numbers, a kind of a real analog of the Gromov-Witten numbers which count the complex rational curves through a given generic collection of points, bound from below the number of real rational curves for any real generic collection of points. By the… (More)
The Welschinger invariants of real rational algebraic surfaces are natural analogues of the genus zero Gromov-Witten invariants. We establish a tropical formula to calculate the Welschinger invariants of real toric Del Pezzo surfaces for any conjugation-invariant configuration of points. The formula expresses the Welschinger invariants via the total… (More)
The Welschinger invariants of real rational algebraic surfaces are natural analogues of the Gromov-Witten invariants, and they estimate from below the number of real rational curves passing through prescribed configurations of points. We establish a tropical formula for the Welschinger invariants of four toric Del Pezzo surfaces, equipped with a… (More)
Welschinger's invariant bounds from below the number of real rational curves through a given generic collection of real points in the real projective plane. We estimate this invariant using Mikhalkin's approach which deals with a corresponding count of tropical curves. In particular, our estimate implies that, for any positive integer d, there exists a real… (More)
Let L be a set of n lines in R d , for d ≥ 3. A joint of L is a point incident to at least d lines of L, not all in a common hyperplane. Using a very simple algebraic proof technique, we show that the maximum possible number of joints of L is Θ(n d/(d−1)). For d = 3, this is a considerable simplification of the orignal algebraic proof of Guth and Katz ,… (More)
We suggest a version of Nullstellensatz over the tropical semiring, the real numbers equipped with operations of maximum and summation.