Eugenie S. Kleinerman

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Increased infiltration of CD8+T cells into tumors has a positive impact on survival. Our previous study showed that doxorubicin (Dox) plus interleukin-12 (IL-12) boosted the accumulation of CD8+T cells in tumors and had a greater antitumor effect than did either agent alone. The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of NKG2D expression on CD8+T(More)
Cellular resistance to chemotherapeutic agents is attributable to several mechanisms, including alteration of topoisomerase IIalpha (topo IIalpha) gene expression. Etoposide-resistant MDA-VP human breast cancer cells express lower amounts of enzymatically active and drug-sensitive topo IIalpha than do MDA parent cells, suggesting that the low level of topo(More)
The human brain tumour cell line HBT20 is intrinsically resistant to etoposide and does not express mdr-1 mRNA. These studies were conducted to determine whether transfecting a Drosophila (D) topoisomerase II (topo II) gene into HBT20 cells could increase their sensitivity to etoposide. A D-topo II construct in a pMAMneo vector under the control of a mouse(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor-A is widely regarded as the principal stimulator of angiogenesis required for tumour growth. VEGF is generated as multiple isoforms of two families, the pro-angiogenic family generated by proximal splice site selection in the terminal exon, termed VEGFxxx, and the anti-angiogenic family formed by distal splice site(More)
Metastatic osteosarcoma (OS) has a very poor prognosis. New treatments are therefore wanted. The conditionally replicative adenovirus Ad5-Delta24RGD has shown promising anti-tumor effects on local cancers, including OS. The purpose of this study was to determine whether intravenous administration of Ad5-Delta24RGD could suppress growth of human OS lung(More)
The role of genetic mutations in the development of osteosarcoma, such as alterations in p53 and Rb, is well understood. However, the significance of epigenetic mechanisms in the progression of osteosarcoma remains unclear and is increasingly being investigated. Recent evidence suggests that epigenetic alterations such as methylation and histone(More)
Autophagy induction can increase or decrease anticancer drug efficacy. Anticancer drug-induced autophagy induction is poorly characterized in osteosarcoma (OS). In this study, we investigated the impact of autophagy inhibition on camptothecin (CPT)-induced cytotoxicity in OS. Autophagy-inhibited DLM8 and K7M3 metastatic murine OS cell lines were generated(More)
Natural killer (NK) cell cytotoxicity correlates with the ligation of activating receptors (e.g., NKG2D) by their ligands (e.g., MHC class I–related chains [MIC] A and B) on target cells. Histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACi) at high concentrations inhibit tumor growth and can increase NKG2D ligand expression on tumor targets, but are widely regarded as(More)
The survival rate for osteosarcoma patients with localized disease is 70% and only 25% for patients with metastases. Therefore, novel therapeutic and prognostic tools are needed. In this study, extensive screening and validation strategies identified Axl, EphB2, FGFR2, IGF-1R and Ret as specific receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) that are activated and(More)
Fas expression is inversely correlated with the metastatic potential of osteosarcoma (OS) cells to the lungs. Fas⁺ cells are rapidly eliminated when they enter the lungs via their interaction with constitutive Fas ligand (FasL) on the lung epithelium, whereas Fas⁻ OS cells escape this FasL-induced apoptosis and survive in the lung microenvironment.(More)