Learn More
Cellular resistance to chemotherapeutic agents is attributable to several mechanisms, including alteration of topoisomerase IIalpha (topo IIalpha) gene expression. Etoposide-resistant MDA-VP human breast cancer cells express lower amounts of enzymatically active and drug-sensitive topo IIalpha than do MDA parent cells, suggesting that the low level of topo(More)
Increased infiltration of CD8+T cells into tumors has a positive impact on survival. Our previous study showed that doxorubicin (Dox) plus interleukin-12 (IL-12) boosted the accumulation of CD8+T cells in tumors and had a greater antitumor effect than did either agent alone. The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of NKG2D expression on CD8+T(More)
The human brain tumour cell line HBT20 is intrinsically resistant to etoposide and does not express mdr-1 mRNA. These studies were conducted to determine whether transfecting a Drosophila (D) topoisomerase II (topo II) gene into HBT20 cells could increase their sensitivity to etoposide. A D-topo II construct in a pMAMneo vector under the control of a mouse(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor-A is widely regarded as the principal stimulator of angiogenesis required for tumour growth. VEGF is generated as multiple isoforms of two families, the pro-angiogenic family generated by proximal splice site selection in the terminal exon, termed VEGFxxx, and the anti-angiogenic family formed by distal splice site(More)
Childhood osteogenic sarcoma (OS) is a rare bone cancer occurring primarily in adolescents. The North American pediatric cooperative groups have performed a series of clinical treatment trials in this disease over the past several decades, and biology studies of tumor tissue have been an important study component. A meeting was held in Bethesda, Maryland on(More)
Peripheral blood monocytes were isolated from normal human donors by separation on a continuous Percoll gradient and adherence to yield preparations of blood monocytes with a high degree of purity (greater than 99%). The monocytes were incubated in vitro with medium alone or with multilamellar liposomes that contained either a lipophilic derivative of(More)
Osterix is a novel zinc finger-containing transcription factor that is essential for osteoblast differentiation and bone formation. We hypothesized that osterix might have a role in osteosarcoma tumor growth and metastasis. Northern blot analysis showed that the mRNA level of osterix was decreased in two mouse osteosarcoma cell lines compared with its level(More)
Angiogenesis plays an essential role in tumor growth and metastasis and is a promising therapeutic target for cancer. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a key regulator in vasculogenesis as well as in angiogenesis. TC71 human Ewing's sarcoma cells overexpress VEGF, with a shift in isoform production from membrane-bound VEGF189 to the more soluble(More)
Despite successful primary tumor treatment, the development of pulmonary metastasis continues to be the most common cause of mortality in patients with osteosarcoma. A conventional drug development path requiring drugs to induce regression of established lesions has not led to improvements for patients with osteosarcoma in more than 30 years. On the basis(More)
To date, no specific marker exists for the detection of circulating tumor cells (CTC) from different types of sarcomas, though tools are available for detection of CTCs in peripheral blood of patients with cancer for epithelial cancers. Here, we report cell-surface vimentin (CSV) as an exclusive marker on sarcoma CTC regardless of the tissue origin of the(More)