Eugenie Pedagogos

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AIM Vascular calcification is prevalent in patients with chronic kidney disease. Abdominal aortic calcification (AAC) can be detected by X-ray, although AAC is less well documented in anatomical distribution and severity compared with coronary calcification. Using simple radiological imaging we aimed to assess AAC and determine associations in prevalent(More)
There is an intimate association between mineral and bone disorders in chronic kidney disease (CKD) and the extensive burden of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in this population. High phosphate levels in CKD have been associated with increased all-cause mortality and cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Observational studies have also shown a consistent(More)
Interstitial myofibroblasts (MF) are cells with features of both smooth muscle cells and fibroblasts. They have been universally recognized in situations of tubulointerstitial injury, where their presence has been shown to be a marker of disease progression. The objective of this study was to determine if functions of MF relevant to fibrogenesis can be(More)
BACKGROUND Erythropoiesis-stimulating agent (ESA)-hyporesponsive anemia is common in chronic kidney disease (CKD). Pentoxifylline shows promise as a treatment for ESA-hyporesponsive anemia, but has not been rigorously evaluated. STUDY DESIGN Multicenter, double-blind, randomized, controlled trial. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS 53 adult patients with CKD stage(More)
Myofibroblasts, cells with both fibroblastic and smooth muscle cell features, have been implicated in renal scarring. In addition to synthetic properties, contractile features and integrin expression may allow myofibroblasts to rearrange and contract interstitial collagenous proteins. Myofibroblasts from normal rat kidneys were grown in cell-populated(More)
BACKGROUND The ADVANCE study assessed the progression of vascular and cardiac valve calcification in 360 hemodialysis patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism (sHPT) assigned randomly to treatment either with cinacalcet plus low-dose vitamin D (≤ 6 µg/week of intravenous paricalcitol equivalent) or with varying doses of vitamin D alone for 52 weeks. The(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic rejection remains the major cause of late graft failure. We studied the renal tissue of 10 renal transplant patients with chronic rejection in whom biopsies had been performed at various time points over a 15-year posttransplant period to ascertain whether myofibroblasts (MF) have a role in this process. METHODS Biopsies were grouped(More)
BACKGROUND Although clinical guidelines exist for optimal levels of serum markers of chronic kidney disease mineral and bone disorder (CKD-MBD), target parameters are not achieved in many haemodialysis (HD) patients. The reason for this evidence-practice gap is unclear and more information from patients and healthcare professionals is required to improve(More)
BACKGROUND Phosphate binders' constituents have alkalotic or acidotic properties and may contribute to acid base balance in haemodialysis patients. This study aimed to investigate the differential effects of phosphate binders on pre-dialysis serum bicarbonate in End Stage Kidney Disease patients on maintenance haemodialysis. METHODS Stable out-patients(More)