Eugenia V. Fedoseyeva

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BACKGROUND We investigated whether differentiation of embryonic stem cells (ESCs) in ischemic myocardium enhances their immunogenicity, thereby increasing their chance for rejection. METHODS AND RESULTS In one series, 129/SvJ-derived mouse ESCs (ES-D3 line) were transplanted by direct myocardial injection (1 x 10(6) cells) into murine hearts of both(More)
OBJECTIVE The in vivo immunogenicity of Embryonic Stem Cells is controversial. At present, there is only in vitro evidence of MHC I expression by this cell population but vivid speculation about their immune-privileged state. The immunology aspect of ESC transplantation deserves thorough investigation. METHODS We injected mouse ESC (expressing Green(More)
Chronic rejection remains the major obstacle for long-term transplant survival. Both indirect alloresponse and tissue-specific autoimmunity have been implicated in its pathogenesis. The interrelationship between these two types of host anti-graft response remains poorly understood. We have developed an immunosuppression-free mouse model of graft coronary(More)
Breakdown of T cell tolerance to self-myelin basic protein induces an autoimmune process that leads to demyelination of the central nervous system (CNS) in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. While the autoimmune disease is initiated by antigen-specific autoreactive T cells, there is accumulating evidence that CNS injury is essentially mediated by(More)
The presentation of donor-derived MHC peptides by recipient APCs to T cells is an essential component of the rejection of allografts (indirect allorecognition). Initial alloreactive T cell response is confined to a few well processed and presented dominant determinants on donor MHC. However, during long-term graft rejection, T cell response spreads to(More)
We used signal transducer and activator of transcription 4 (STAT4) and STAT6 gene knockout (-/-) mice as recipients of fully mismatched cardiac allografts to study the role of T-cell costimulatory pathways in regulating allogeneic T-helper 1 (Th1) versus Th2 responses in vivo. STAT4(-/-) mice have impaired Th1 responses, whereas STAT6(-/-) mice do not(More)
Chronic allograft dysfunction, which is the most common cause of late allograft failure, is in part caused by an ongoing immune response orchestrated by T lymphocytes primed by the indirect pathway of allorecognition. The low frequencies of such T cells have made it difficult to study indirect alloreactivity by using currently available assays. The(More)
Allograft rejection is initiated by an immune response to donor MHC proteins. We recently reported that this response can result in breakdown of immune tolerance to a recipient self Ag. However, the contribution of this autoimmune response to graft rejection has yet to be determined. Here, we found that after mouse allogeneic heart transplantation, de novo(More)
BACKGROUND Inconsistency exists in assessing the severity of graft coronary artery disease (GCAD) in studies that use mouse models. The central issue associated with this inconsistency is the lack of a standardized approach for assessing mouse GCAD. METHODS We propose a new histologic definition of GCAD based on 3 successive stages (endotheliitis,(More)
Previously, we have demonstrated that during allograft rejection, MHC molecules of the donor are processed and presented to alloreactive CD4+ T lymphocytes in the form of peptides associated with the MHC class II molecules of the recipient. There is an increasing body of evidence that this indirect pathway of allorecognition may play a major role in(More)