Eugenia Spanopoulou

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We have exploited the structural homology, but different patterns of expression of the murine and human Thy-1 genes to map a number of tissue-specific enhancer elements in the genes. All of these are located downstream from the site of transcriptional initiation. The human gene contains separate elements which direct expression to the kidney or spleen(More)
We have examined the regulatory role of the individual components of the immunoglobulin antigen receptor in B-cell development by transgenic complementation of Rag-1 deficient (Rag-1-) mice. Complementation with a membrane mu heavy chain (mu HC) gene allows progression of developmentally arrested Rag-1- pro-B-cells to the small pre-B cell stage, whereas the(More)
During V(D)J recombination, recognition and cleavage of the recombination signal sequences (RSSs) requires the coordinated action of the recombination-activating genes 1 and 2 (RAG1/RAG2) recombinase complex. In this report, we use deletion mapping and site-directed mutagenesis to determine the minimal domains critical for interaction between RAG1 and RAG2.(More)
Genomic rearrangement of the antigen receptor loci is initiated by the two lymphoid-specific proteins Rag-1 and Rag-2. Null mutations in either of the two proteins abrogate initiation of V(D)J recombination and cause severe combined immunodeficiency with complete absence of mature B and T lymphocytes. We report here that patients with Omenn syndrome, a(More)
The RAG1 and RAG2 gene products are indispensable for activating somatic rearrangement of antigen receptor gene segments. The two proteins form a stable complex in primary thymocytes as well as when expressed in adherent cells. In both cell types, most cells localize RAG proteins at the periphery of the nucleus. However, when overexpressed in fibroblast(More)
As a probe of whether RAG-1 and RAG-2 gene products activate other genes or form part of the recombinase itself, certain mutants of the RAG genes were assayed for their ability to activate variable-diversity-joining region [V(D)J] recombination in a plasmid substrate in fibroblasts. The results indicate that the N-terminal one-third of RAG-1, including a(More)
The products of the Rag1 and Rag2 genes drive genomic V(D)J rearrangements that assemble functional immunoglobulin and T cell antigen receptor genes. Expression of the Rag genes has been thought to be limited to developmentally immature lymphocyte populations that in normal adult animals are primarily restricted to the bone marrow and thymus. Abundant RAG1(More)
V(D)J recombination is initiated by the specific binding of the RAG1-RAG2 (RAG1/2) complex to the heptamer-nonamer recombination signal sequences (RSS). Several steps of the V(D)J recombination reaction can be reconstituted in vitro with only RAG1/2 plus the high-mobility-group protein HMG1 or HMG2. Here we show that the RAG1 homeodomain directly interacts(More)
The CD3-zeta and CD3-eta polypeptides are two of the components of the T cell antigen receptor (TCR) which contribute to its efficient cell surface expression and account for part of its transducing capability. CD3-zeta and CD3-eta result from the alternative splicing of a single gene designated CD3-zeta/eta. To evaluate the role of these subunits during T(More)
In this paper, we present the molecular cloning and characterization of a murine homolog of the Escherichia coli chaperone ClpX. Murine ClpX shares 38% amino acid sequence identity with the E. coli homolog and is a novel member of the Hsp100/Clp family of molecular chaperones. ClpX localizes to human chromosome 15q22.2-22.3 and in mouse is expressed(More)