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Although most cellular iron is firmly bound (e.g. in haemoglobin), some, the labile iron pool (LIP), is bound to low-affinity ligands. The LIP is regarded as the crossroads of cellular iron traffic. Using multi-parameter flow-cytometry of cells treated with the metal-sensitive sensor calcein and the cell-permeable chelator deferiprone, we studied LIP in(More)
Iron is important for many biological processes, and its deficiency or excess is involved in pathological conditions. Although most iron is firmly bound (e.g., in hemoglobin), some, the labile iron pool (LIP), is bound to low-affinity ligands. The level of LIP is regulated to meet the cell's requirements for iron but prevent excess. We describe herein a(More)
We report in this paper that the DNA-binding drug mithramycin is a potent inducer of gamma-globin mRNA accumulation and fetal hemoglobin (HbF) production in erythroid cells from healthy human subjects and beta-thalassemia patients. Erythroid precursors derived from peripheral blood were grown in 2-phase liquid culture. In this procedure, early erythroid(More)
Iron is essential for the survival as well as the proliferation and maturation of developing erythroid precursors (EP) into hemoglobin-containing red blood cells. The transferrin-transferrin receptor pathway is the main route for erythroid iron uptake. Using a two-phase culture system, we have previously shown that placental ferritin as well as macrophages(More)
The aim of the present study was to determine whether angelicin is able to increase the expression of gamma-globin genes in human erythroid cells. Angelicin is structurally related to psoralens, a well-known chemical class of photosensitizers used for their antiproliferative activity in treatment of different skin diseases (i.e., psoriasis and vitiligo). To(More)
The present study aimed to determine whether rapamycin could increase the expression of gamma-globin genes in human erythroid cells. Rapamycin is a macrocyclic lactone that possesses immunosuppressive, antifungal and anti-tumour properties. This molecule is approved as an immunosuppressive agent for preventing rejection in patients receiving organ(More)
  • E Prus, E Fibach
  • 2012
Iron-overload is a major clinical problem in various diseases. Under this condition, serum iron which surpasses the binding capacity of transferrin is present as non-transferrin bound iron and cellular unbound Labile Iron Pool (LIP) is increased. LIP participates in the generation of free radicals, including reactive oxygen species (ROS). Increased ROS,(More)
We studied the effects of rapamycin on cultures of erythroid progenitors derived from the peripheral blood of 10 beta-thalassaemia patients differing widely with respect to their potential to produce foetal haemoglobin (HbF). For this, we employed the two-phase liquid culture procedure for growing erythroid progenitors, high performance liquid(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Iron accumulation in vital organs such as heart and liver is a major pathology in beta-thalassaemia. It may also affect mature RBCs and developing erythroid precursors. The cellular damage is mainly caused by the labile iron pool (LIP) and is mediated by reactive oxygen species (ROS). We have previously shown that thalassaemic RBCs and their(More)