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Adhesion/growth-regulatory galectins (gals) exert their functionality by the cis/trans-cross-linking of distinct glycans after initial one-point binding. In order to define the specificity of ensuing association events leading to cross-linking, we recently established a cell-based assay using fluorescent glycoconjugates as flow cytometry probes and tested(More)
Galectins are a family of beta-galactoside binding lectins, homological by a sequence of the carbohydrate-binding site. In this review literature data about structure and carbohydrate specificity of galectins are discussed. The role of galectins in the regulation of cell adhesion in immune response, inflammation, and cancer progression is considered.
Soluble siglecs-1, -4, -5, -6, -7, -8, -9, and -10 were probed with polyacrylamide glycoconjugates in which: 1) the Neu5Ac residue was substituted by a sulfate group (Su); 2) glycoconjugates contained both Su and Neu5Ac; 3) sialoglycoconjugates contained a tyrosine-O-sulfate residue. It was shown that sulfate derivatives of LacNAc did not bind siglecs-1,(More)
Sialyl oligosaccharides have long been considered to be the sole receptors for influenza virus. However, according to [1] some viruses are able to grow in sialic-free MDCK cells. Here we attempted to reveal a possible second, non-sialic receptor, hypothesizing the involvement of additional carbohydrate lectin recognition in influenza virus reception(More)
Fluorescein labeled carbohydrate (Glyc) probes were synthesized as analytical tools for the study of cellular lectins, i.e. SiaLe(x)-PAA-flu, Sia2-PAA-flu, GlcNAc2-PAA-flu, LacNAc-PAA-flu and a number of similar ones, with PAA a soluble polyacrylamide carrier. The binding of SiaLe(x)-PAA-flu was assessed using CHO cells transfected with E-selectin, and the(More)
The involvement of galectins as pleiotropic regulators of cell adhesion and growth in disease progression explains the interest to define their ligand-binding properties. Toward this end, it is desirable to approach in vivo conditions to attain medical relevance. In order to simulate physiological conditions with cell surface glycans as recognition sites(More)
A major aspect of carbohydrate-dependent galectin functionality is their cross-linking capacity. Using a cell surface as biorelevant platform for galectin binding and a panel of 40 glycans as sensor part of a fluorescent polyacrylamide neoglycopolymer for profiling galectin reactivity, properties of related proteins can be comparatively analyzed. The group(More)
Elimination of apoptotic bodies is one of the important functions of macrophages. The aim of this work was to study the role of macrophage lectins in this process. Macrophage lectins were probed with neoglycoconjugates Glyc-PAA-fluo where carbohydrate is linked to fluorescein-labeled polyacrylamide (MW 30 kD). It was shown that neoglycoconjugates containing(More)
The network of adhesion/growth-regulatory galectins in chicken (chicken galectin, CG) has only one tandem-repeat-type protein, CG8. Using a cell-based assay and probing galectin reactivity with a panel of fluorescent neoglycoconjugates (glycoprobes), its glycan-binding profile was determined. For internal validation, human galectin-8 (HG8) was tested. In(More)
Our study deals with the interaction of CD33 related-siglecs-5,-7,-8,-9,-10 with gangliosides GT1b, GQ1b, GD3, GM2, GM3 and GD1a. Siglec-5 bound preferentially to GQ1b, but weakly to GT1b, whereas siglec-10 interacted only with GT1b ganglioside. Siglec-7 and siglec-9 displayed binding to gangliosides GD3, GQ1b and GT1b bearing a disialoside motif, though(More)