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BACKGROUND Osteoclasts are bone-degrading cells, which play a central role in physiological bone remodeling. Unbalanced osteoclast activity is largely responsible for pathological conditions such as osteoporosis. Osteoclasts develop specialized adhesion structures, the so-called podosomes, which subsequently undergo dramatic reorganization into sealing(More)
Icosahedral double-stranded DNA viruses use a single portal for genome delivery and packaging. The extensive structural similarity revealed by such portals in diverse viruses, as well as their invariable positioning at a unique icosahedral vertex, led to the consensus that a particular, highly conserved vertex-portal architecture is essential for viral DNA(More)
Hyaluronan is a megadalton glycosaminoglycan composed of repeating units of D-N-acetylglucosamine-beta-D-Glucuronic acid. It is known to form a highly hydrated pericellular coat around chondrocytes, fibrosarcoma, and smooth muscle cells. Using environmental scanning electron microscopy we detected fully hydrated hyaluronan pericellular coats around rat(More)
Endothelial chemokines are instrumental for integrin-mediated lymphocyte adhesion and transendothelial migration (TEM). By dissecting how chemokines trigger lymphocyte integrins to support shear-resistant motility on and across cytokine-stimulated endothelial barriers, we found a critical role for high-affinity (HA) LFA-1 integrin in lymphocyte crawling on(More)
The skeletons of adult echinoderms comprise large single crystals of calcite with smooth convoluted fenestrated morphologies, raising many questions about how they form. By using water etching, infrared spectroscopy, electron diffraction, and environmental scanning electron microscopy, we show that sea urchin spine regeneration proceeds via the initial(More)
Azospirillum brasilense Cd localization in wheat roots was studied by light microscopy, by scanning, and by transmission electron microscopy. A. brasilense Cd cells were specifically identified immunocytochemic-ally around and within root tissues. A. brasilense Cd cells found both outside and inside inoculated roots were intensively labeled with colloidal(More)
Inner ear anlagen from mouse were explanted on the 16th gestational day (gd) and cultured for 5 days, i.e. corresponding to the time of birth. By using energy dispersive X-ray technique an elemental composition characteristic for endolymph was found within the membranous labyrinth of the explants. The sodium to potassium ratio in the endolymphatic space of(More)
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