Eugenia Isachenko

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Human spermatozoa can be successfully cryopreserved avoiding the use of cryoprotectants through vitrification at very high cooling rates (up to 7.2 x 10(5) degrees C/min). This is achieved by directly plunging a copper cryoloop loaded with a sperm suspension into liquid nitrogen. After storage, vitrified spermatozoa are instantly thawed by melting in an(More)
The use of cryoprotective agents for the conventional cryopreservation of human spermatozoa, oocytes, zygotes, early cleavage stage embryos and blastocysts is an integral part of almost every human IVF programme. Moreover, the cryopreservation of these types of cells by direct plunging into liquid nitrogen usually requires high cryoprotectant concentrations(More)
BACKGROUND In contrast to the technique of conventional freezing, the vitrification of spermatozoa requires high cooling rates (720 000 degrees K/min), which could be damaging for spermatozoa. The aim of our study was to compare slowly frozen and vitrified spermatozoa in terms of their post-thaw DNA integrity and motility. METHODS Semen samples were(More)
Cryopreservation as a process can be divided into two methods: conventional freezing and vitrification. The high effectiveness of vitrification in comparison with conventional freezing for human oocytes and embryos is shown, whereas data on human ovarian tissue are limited. The aim of this study was to compare the safety and effectiveness of conventional(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to compare the viability of human pronuclear oocytes subjected to vitrification using cooling by direct submerging of open-pulled straws in liquid nitrogen versus vitrification by cooling of open-pulled straws located inside a closed 0.5 ml straw (aseptic system). METHODS Two- and three-pronuclei stage oocytes (n=114)(More)
The aim of our study was to investigate the effects of vitrification (cooling rate approximately 10000(C/min) without cryoprotectants on swim-up prepared human spermatozoa in comparison to standard conventional freezing with cryoprotectants. Motility, morphology, rate of viability and acrosome reaction of spermatozoa were evaluated. The described method of(More)
The success rates for cryopreservation of immature oocytes from several species including human remain low, in contrast to major improvements with mature oocytes. In this study, a new approach has been developed using a short exposure ultra-rapid freezing protocol, examining the effect of temperature and egg yolk (two factors which may be expected to(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to develop and to test the aseptic technology of cryoprotectant-free vitrification of human spermatozoa in large volume (for intrauterine insemination). Spermatozoa, vitrified by this technology, are free of permeant cryoprotectants and are ready for further use immediately after warming without any additional treatment(More)
This paper examines and compares necrosis in human ovarian tissue after conventional slow freezing or vitrification and ensuing xenotranplantation. Slow cryoconserved or vitrified ovarian tissue samples and fresh controls from nine patients were subcutaneously transplanted into SCID mice. The tissue samples were explanted after 6 weeks and the necrotic(More)
AIM To establish a prospective direction for further development of the protocol for cryopreservation of ovarian tissue by direct plunging into liquid nitrogen. MATERIALS AND METHODS Human ovarian biopsies from 20 patients (cut in approximately 0.5mm(3) pieces) were exposed to: 40% ethylene glycol+0.35 M sucrose+5% egg yolk; 40% ethylene glycol+18%(More)