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In vitro studies on the functional integrity of the hematopoietic microenvironment in myelodysplasia have been controversial. Although some of them suggest that such a microenvironment is functionally normal, there is increasing evidence indicating that there are alterations in the function of microenvironment (adherent) cell layers from myelodysplastic(More)
In trying to contribute to our knowledge on the role of Notch and its ligands within the human hematopoietic system, we have assessed the effects of the OP9 stroma cell line - naturally expressing Jagged-1 - transduced with either the Delta-1 gene (OP9-DL1 cells) or with vector alone (OP9-V), on the in vitro growth of two different hematopoietic cell(More)
BACKGROUND Bone marrow (BM) has been recognized as the main source of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC); however, MSC have also been detected in umbilical cord blood (UCB) and placenta (PL). In the present study, we obtained MSC from these three sources and characterized them in a comparative manner. METHODS MSC were obtained from BM, UCB and PL samples and(More)
Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) have been defined as primitive, undifferentiated cells, capable of self-renewal and with the ability to give rise to different cell lineages, including adipocytes, osteocytes, fibroblasts, chondrocytes, and myoblasts. MSC are key components of the hematopoietic microenvironment. Several studies, including(More)
We have previously shown that the levels of hematopoietic progenitors in long-term marrow cultures (LTMC) from patients with aplastic anemia (AA) are drastically reduced, as compared to normal LTMC. We have also reported that when LTMC from AA patients are supplemented with recombinant human granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (rhGM-CSF) there(More)
Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) support hematopoiesis and are cytogenetically and functionally abnormal in myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), implying a possible pathophysiologic role in MDS and potential utility as a diagnostic or risk-stratifying tool. We have analyzed putative MSC markers and their relationship to CD34+ hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells(More)
Bone marrow-mesenchymal stromal cells (BM-MSCs) have immunosuppressive properties and have been used in cell therapies as immune regulators for the treatment of graft-versus-host disease. We have previously characterized several biological properties of MSCs from placenta (PL) and umbilical cord blood (UCB), and compared them to those of BM-the gold(More)
Two different reports, including one from our own group, have recently demonstrated the presence of severe chromosomal abnormalities in mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) from patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). In the present study, we have assessed whether such cytogenetic abnormalities result in functional deficiencies in vitro. We found that both(More)
For about 40 years, the biology of human myeloid leukemia (ML) has been studied in different in vitro systems. Throughout this time, semisolid colony assays, Dexter-type long-term cultures and liquid suspension cultures have contributed to our understanding of the mechanisms involved in the origin and progression of this hematological disorder. By using(More)
It is known that the levels of hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPC) are greatly reduced in the majority of patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). To date, however, only limited information exists on the growth kinetics of these cells in long-term marrow cultures (LTMC), particularly in terms of erythroid and multipotent progenitors. In the present(More)