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Abasic sites (apurinic/apyrimidinic, AP sites) are the most common DNA lesions generated by both spontaneous and induced base loss. In a previous study we have shown that circular plasmid molecules containing multiple AP sites are efficiently repaired by Chinese hamster extracts in an in vitro repair assay. An average patch size of 6.6 nucleotides for a(More)
Gastric cancers with mismatch repair (MMR) inactivation are characterised by microsatellite instability (MSI). In this study, the transcriptional profile of 38 gastric cancers with and without MSI was analysed. Unsupervised analysis showed that the immune and apoptotic gene networks efficiently discriminated these two cancer types. Hierarchical clustering(More)
Cultured Chinese hamster ovary cells were treated with ethylating agents. DNA lesions giving rise to single-strand breaks (SSB) or alkali-labile sites were measured by elution through membrane filters at pH 12.0 and pH 12.6, and by centrifugation in alkaline sucrose gradients after 1 h and 21 h lysis in alkali. Two agents with different tendencies to(More)
Risk factors for gastric cancer (GC) include inter-individual variability in the inflammatory response to Helicobacter pylori infection, in the ability of detoxifying DNA reactive species and repairing DNA damage generated by oxidative stress and dietary carcinogens. To evaluate the association between polymorphic DNA repair genes and GC risk, a(More)
Ochratoxin A (OTA) is a widespread mycotoxin in food and a powerful nephrocarcinogen in rats. The mutagenicity of OTA has been extensively investigated but with conflicting results, thus leaving open the mechanistic question for OTA carcinogenicity. Here, we examined the mutagenicity of OTA by using well-standardized mutation assays such as the(More)
The induction and repair of DNA photolesions and mutations in the mitochondrial (mt) DNA of human cells in culture were analysed after cell exposure to UV-C light. The level of induction of cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers (CPD) in mitochondrial and nuclear DNA was comparable, while a higher frequency of pyrimidine (6-4) pyrimidone photoproducts (6-4 PP) was(More)
Radical oxygen species (ROS) generate various modified DNA bases. Among them 8-oxo-7,8-dihydroguanine (8oxoG) is the most abundant and seems to play a major role in mutagenesis and in carcinogenesis. 8oxoG is removed from DNA by the specific glycosylase OGG1. An additional post-replication repair is needed to correct the 8oxoG/A mismatches that are produced(More)
Two distinct pathways for completion of base excision repair (BER) have been discovered in eukaryotes: the DNA polymerase beta (Pol beta)-dependent short-patch pathway that involves the replacement of a single nucleotide and the long-patch pathway that entails the resynthesis of 2-6 nucleotides and requires PCNA. We have used cell extracts from Pol(More)
Glutathione S-Transferases (GSTs) are a family of phase II enzymes involved in the detoxification of potential carcinogens and provided of a strong antioxidant function by neutralizing electrophiles and free radicals. The GSTM1 and GSTT1 isoenzymes exhibit deletion polymorphisms, resulting in a lack of activity, and the null genotypes have been associated(More)
Mammalian cells possess two distinct pathways for completion of base excision repair (BER): the DNA polymerase beta (Pol beta)-dependent short-patch pathway (replacement of one nucleotide), which is the main route, and the long-patch pathway (resynthesis of 2-6 nucleotides), which is PCNA-dependent. To address the issue of how these two pathways share their(More)