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DNA polymerase (Pol) beta null mouse embryonic fibroblasts provide a useful cell system to investigate the effects of alterations in base excision repair (BER) on genome stability. These cells are characterized by hypersensitivity to the cytotoxic effects of methyl methanesulfonate (MMS) and by decreased repair of the MMS-induced DNA single strand breaks(More)
Risk factors for gastric cancer (GC) include inter-individual variability in the inflammatory response to Helicobacter pylori infection, in the ability of detoxifying DNA reactive species and repairing DNA damage generated by oxidative stress and dietary carcinogens. To evaluate the association between polymorphic DNA repair genes and GC risk, a(More)
Mismatch repair (MMR) corrects replication errors. It requires the MSH2, MSH6, MLH1, and PMS2 proteins which comprise the MutSalpha and MutLalpha heterodimers. Inactivation of MSH2 or MLH1 in human tumors greatly increases spontaneous mutation rates. Oxidation produces many detrimental DNA alterations against which cells deploy multiple protective(More)
SUMMARY Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) constitute a large class of organic compounds that are composed of two or more fused aromatic rings. They are primarily formed by incomplete combustion or pyrolysis of organic matter and during various industrial processes. PAHs generally occur in complex mixtures which may consist of hundreds of compounds.(More)
It has been hypothesized that a replication associated repair pathway operates on base damage and single strand breaks (SSB) at replication forks. In this study, we present the isolation from the nuclei of human cycling cells of a multiprotein complex containing most of the essential components of base excision repair (BER)/SSBR, including APE1, UNG2, XRCC1(More)
Among the different base excision repair pathways known, the long patch base excision repair of apurinic/apyrimidinic sites is an important mechanism that requires proliferating cell nuclear antigen. We have reconstituted this pathway using purified human proteins. Our data indicated that efficient repair is dependent on six components including AP(More)
The OGG1 and MYH DNA glycosylases prevent the accumulation of DNA 8-hydroxyguanine. In Myh(-/-) mice, there was no time-dependent accumulation of DNA 8-hydroxyguanine in brain, small intestine, lung, spleen, or kidney. Liver was an exception to this general pattern. Inactivation of both MYH and OGG1 caused an age-associated accumulation of DNA(More)
The single cell gel electrophoresis (SCGE) or comet assay, which measures DNA strand breaks in individual cells, was used to analyse DNA damage and repair induced by the SN1-type alkylating carcinogens N-ethyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine and N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea in CHO cells. The comet assay was comparable in sensitivity to the alkaline elution assay. The(More)
BACKGROUND Prostate stem cell antigen (PSCA) is a glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchored protein expressed not only in prostate but also in pancreas and bladder cancer as shown by immunohistochemistry and mRNA analysis. It has been targeted by monoclonal antibodies in preclinical animal models and more recently in a clinical trial in prostate cancer(More)
Base excision repair (BER) is the main pathway for repair of DNA damage in mammalian cells. This pathway leads to the formation of DNA repair intermediates which, if still unsolved, cause cell lethality and mutagenesis. To characterize mutations induced by BER intermediates in mammalian cells, an SV-40 derived shuttle vector was constructed carrying a(More)