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The involvement of NADPH oxidase in hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction (HPV) was investigated in buffer-perfused rabbit lungs, employing the inhibitors diphenyleneiodonium (DPI) and apocynin. Responses to the vasoconstrictors U-46619 and angiotensin II (ANG II) were used to test specificity. Lung nitric oxide (NO) generation was assessed by on-line(More)
CCl4-induced liver damage was modeled in monolayer cultures of rat primary hepatocytes with a focus on involvement of covalent binding of CCl4 metabolites to cell components and/or peroxidative damage as the cause of injury. (1) Covalent binding of 14C-labeled metabolites was detected in hepatocytes immediately after exposure to CCl4. (2) Low oxygen partial(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the effects of H-7 on (1) iris and ciliary muscles (CMs) in living monkeys; (2) isolated monkey CM strips; (3) actomyosin contractility in cultured Swiss 3T3 cells. METHODS (1) Pupillary diameter (calipers) and accommodation (refractometer) in living monkeys were measured after topical, intracameral, or intravitreal administration(More)
Eosinophils contain in their granules eosinophil cationic protein (ECP) and other basic proteins that have been implicated in immunity to parasites and pathophysiology of chronic allergic responses. In a model of eosinophil degranulation, we show that eosinophils release ECP upon short-term GM-CSF priming and stimulation with either platelet-activating(More)
We investigated the effects of isoproterenol aryl glass beads on the electrical properties of cardiac muscle and related these to our previous results concerning biochemical and contractile effects (Ingebretsen et al., Circ, Rs., 40: 474-484, 1977). Beads (10-15) were placed near one end to guinea pig papillary muscles mounted horizontally in a bath(More)
The modulation of liver growth control by the tumor promoter, 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD), was investigated in primary hepatocytes of adult rats. Under defined conditions in serum-free cultures, the interaction of TCDD with growth-related hormones was studied. TCDD-treatment of the cultured hepatocytes for two days caused a transient(More)
The CCl4-induced development of liver damage was studied in monolayer cultures of primary rat hepatocytes: (1) CCl4 caused accumulation of triglycerides in hepatocytes following cytochrome P450 induction with beta-naphthoflavone or metyrapone. Ethanol or a high dose of insulin plus triiodothyronine had the same effect. (2) CCl4 increased the synthesis of(More)
The effects of (-)-isoproterenol covalently linked to glass beads on inotropic state, cyclic AMP concentration, and phosphorylase b to a conversion was studied in cat and guinea pig papillary muscles. Biochemical responses also were measured in mouse diaphragm sections. In cat papillary muscles under normal conditions and in guinea pig muscles partly(More)
Cadmium (Cd) affects the expression of estrogen receptor (ER) and aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR)-associated genes in rat uterus and elicits estrogen-like activity in vitro. The small intestine is highly exposed to dietary Cd which may mimic or antagonize estrogen action in this tissue. We investigated the effects of Cd and 17-alpha-ethinylestradiol (EE2)(More)
Changes of lipoprotein secretion and composition in response to CCl4 treatment were studied in monolayer cultures of rat primary hepatocytes. (1) CCl4 decreased secretion of very low density lipoproteins (VLDL) by about 85%, while high density lipoprotein (HDL) secretion was less affected (about 40%). The effect was concentration-dependent. (2) CCl4(More)