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The stability of the Antarctic ice shelves in a warming climate has long been discussed, and the recent collapse of a significant part, over 12,500 km2 in area, of the Larsen ice shelf off the Antarctic Peninsula has led to a refocus toward the implications of ice shelf decay for the stability of Antarctica's grounded ice. Some smaller Antarctic ice shelves(More)
The disintegration of ice shelves, reduced sea-ice and glacier extent, and shifting ecological zones observed around Antarctica highlight the impact of recent atmospheric and oceanic warming on the cryosphere. Observations and models suggest that oceanic and atmospheric temperature variations at Antarctica's margins affect global cryosphere stability, ocean(More)
Lithodid crabs (and other skeleton-crushing predators) may have been excluded from cold Antarctic continental shelf waters for more than 14 Myr. The west Antarctic Peninsula shelf is warming rapidly and has been hypothesized to be soon invaded by lithodids. A remotely operated vehicle survey in Palmer Deep, a basin 120 km onto the Antarctic shelf, revealed(More)
A layer of shallow-water dolostone (" cap dolostone ") with idiosyncratic sedimentary structures was deposited across continental margins worldwide in the aftermath of the terminal Cryogenian snowball Earth. The dolostone has a global average thickness of 18.5 m and is interpreted stratigraphically in different ways in the current literature: as diachronous(More)
Grounding zones, where ice sheets transition between resting on bedrock to full floatation, help regulate ice flow. Exposure of the sea floor by the 2002 Larsen-B Ice Shelf collapse allowed detailed morphologic mapping and sampling of the embayment sea floor. Marine geophysical data collected in 2006 reveal a large, arcuate, complex grounding zone sediment(More)
Ice cover across the Arctic Ocean has commonly been viewed as floating sea ice, formed as a relatively thin veneer from the freezing of seawater. Much effort has been directed towards understanding the behaviour of this form of ice cover and its recent precipitous decline. But there has been a longstanding debate about a different kind of ice — ice of a(More)
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