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The interaction of estradiol with uterine cells involves the association of the hormone with an extranuclear receptor protein, followed by temperature dependent translocation of the resulting complex to the nucleus. During this process, the steroid binding unit of the protein undergoes an alteration, called "receptor transformation," that can be recognized(More)
The steroid hormone receptors are characterized by binding to relatively rigid, inflexible endogenous steroid ligands. Other members of the nuclear receptor superfamily bind to conformationally flexible lipids and show a corresponding degree of elasticity in the ligand-binding pocket. Here, we report the X-ray crystal structure of the oestrogen receptor(More)
An estrogen receptor immunocytochemical assay which uses monoclonal antibodies to the estrogen receptor protein [Nature (Lond.), 307: 745-747, 1984] was applied to several human tissues, including human breast tumors, and the results were compared to those of steroid-binding assays performed on cytosol extracts of the same tissues. Specific immunoperoxidase(More)
A synthetic analog of gonadoliberin (gonadtropin-releasing factor of luteinizing hormone/follicle-stimulating hormone-releasing hormone), designated A-43818, was evaluated for its ability to effect regression of carcinogen-induced mammary tumors in the Sprague-Dawley rat. This analog, specifically (D-leuyl6, desglycyl-NH210, prolyl ethylamide9),(More)
Long-term administration of [D-Leu6, des-Gly-NH210, Pro-ethylamide9]-GnRH, an analog of gonadotropin releasing hormone, caused regression of neoplastic tissue in a rat bearing a spontaneous mammary adenocarcinoma and in rats in which tumors had been induced by treatment with dimethylbenzanthracene (DMBA). During two separate treatment periods with the(More)